Just as we cannot in this day have a stable national democracy without progress in living standards and a sense that the community as a whole participates in those standards, without too great extremes of wealth and poverty, likewise we cannot have one world at peace without a general social and economic progress in the same direction.
Lester Bowles Pearson Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1957
This chapter will present an overview in a better integrated form than was possible as the analysis unfolded in the guise of a theory of democratization. In the process a critical evaluation of the implications of the major assumptions on which this theory is predicated is provided.
The primary goal of theory formation in the social sciences should be the generation of an interrelated set of investigated (tested) statements (hypotheses) or questions that provide an explanation for a particular issue area of social behavior. There are two major ways in which a theory may be evaluated. A first requirement may be for the theory to be capable of providing satisfying answers to important questions that may be posed about the patterns of behavior and developing trends that describe the issue area of investigation. 1 In our particular area of focus, that of democratization in Africa, the analytical focus as outlined in chapter 1 has indicated that a commitment to democratization in this post-Cold War period is seemingly pervasive, but also variable across many developing countries. The principal questions to which satisfying and interrelated answers are sought are consequently: Why is a commitment to democratization