Higher Education in Transition: The Challenges of the New Millennium

By Joseph Losco; Brian L. Fife | Go to book overview

1
The American College Student: Three Decades of Change

Alexander W. Astin

The Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) was founded in 1966 as a national longitudinal study of undergraduates attending different types of colleges and universities. 1 While the basic design of the study is to examine the comparative impact of different college environments by means of periodic longitudinal follow-ups of students who were initially assessed as entering freshmen (see, for example, Astin, 1977, 1982, 1993; Pascarella and Terenzini, 1991), the entering freshman survey tends to attract more media attention than do the longitudinal studies because the "trends" associated with each new survey are seen as a kind of "Gallup Poll" that makes interesting copy and "sound bites" for the various news media. Media attention notwithstanding, a careful examination of the results from the first thirty-one surveys ( 1966-1996) provides an extremely interesting and informative portrait of the changing character of American college students. While reflecting changes that directly affect higher education, the trend data generated by these surveys can also be viewed as indicators of our changing society. In this essay I will provide an overview of these three decades of data from the CIRP, highlighting key findings and discussing the possible significance that these findings may have for higher education and for American society at large.

Between 1966 and 1996 the entering freshman survey was completed by more than 9 million entering freshmen at more than 1,500 accredited colleges and universities. 2 A complete tabulation of the data from each of these annual surveys was recently published by the Higher Education Research Institute ( Astin, Parrott, Korn, and Sax, 1997).

-7-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Higher Education in Transition: The Challenges of the New Millennium
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 222

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.