The Rhetoric of Pope John Paul II: The Pastoral Visit as a New Vocabulary of the Sacred

By Margaret B. Melady | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 5
Textual Address: Audience Identification and Characterization

In all rhetorical situations, the relationship between speaker and audience is key. To induce cooperation and eventual identification, a speaker must know how to arouse the desires of the audience. This entails an understanding of the internal voice of the audience, that is, the symbolic meanings that have been constructed and internalized by audiences in their sociocultural settings. Edwin Black pointed out how the rhetorical critic can examine a text for "a hypothetical construct that is the implied auditor." Because actual auditors look for cues in the discourse, the critic can find in the speech text an image of how the rhetor views the audience and a "model of what the rhetor would have his real auditor become." 1

This critical approach to the text searches for patterned forms of address that bind the speaker and audience into types of associations with each other and into varying relationships with others. 2 In the view of Duncan, strategic choice of a form of address can shape the content of the intended models because this form "determines how we address each other and thus how we affect each other." 3 Inasmuch as the forms of address the rhetor uses are "a way of experiencing reality," 4 they can provide concrete clues as to how John Paul II would have his audience act as models in constructing a new vocabulary of the sacred. These forms of address can shape the content of the vocabulary by closing down on the sacred or moving out toward the secular world.

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The Rhetoric of Pope John Paul II: The Pastoral Visit as a New Vocabulary of the Sacred
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Chapter 1 - Introduction 1
  • Notes 14
  • Chapter 2 - Between the Sacred and Chaos 17
  • Notes 27
  • Chapter 3 - Background to the Visits 31
  • Notes 51
  • Chapter 4 - Sensing the Faithful 53
  • Notes 92
  • Chapter 5 - Textual Address: Audience Identification and Characterization 99
  • Notes 132
  • Chapter 6 - Textual Analysis: Symbol Choice 139
  • Notes 168
  • Chapter 7 - Visits as Performance 175
  • Chapter 8 - Push and Pull of Sacred and Secular 203
  • Notes 232
  • Appendix 235
  • Selected Bibliograpby 237
  • Index 251
  • About the Author *
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