in all quarters; from the person with AIDS in the form of guilt and shame, from his family and friends in the form of rejection, from the gay community at large in the form of denial and apathy, from the medical profession in the form of ignorance, and from the dominant heterosexual society in the form of benign neglect.

Many heterosexuals still regard the homosexual as "perverted." As if they were caught in a time warp from the 1950s, they proclaim that AIDS is God's punishment for the arrogance, the sin, and the moral heresy of the gay militant. AIDS as a medical pathology has placed homosexuality to an even greater extent in a negative ambience and the homosexual even more so in the role of cultural pariah, molester of children, and vile recruiter of adolescents. This social construction of gay reality promotes "blaming the victim" and "sham" too very often as the method of control and division from within.


NOTE

An earlier version of this chapter was read at the annual meetings of the Southwestern Social Science Association in March 1985. Acknowledgement and appreciation are given to Evelyn A. Early and Kenneth L. Brown, University of Houston, and George L. Hicks, Brown University, for having commented on this earlier draft. Financial support for the fieldwork was provided by a seed grant from the Center for Public Policy, College of Social Sciences, University of Houston.

1
For example, Jules Henry ( 1963:265), in his book Culture Against Man, felt it necessary to include a footnote at the bottom of the page 265 pointing out that, "The Researcher is an unusually handsome youth with an 'adequate masculine record.'" In the narrative provided in the text, the research assistant was explaining his statement that he did not have the "nerve to dance with any of those girls." For some reason Henry felt that an explanation for this comment was necessary and as a consequence, he underscored the rationale that the reluctance to dance with these "girls" was not based on his fear of them, but that it was based on the researcher's ignorance of the dance steps and not from his sexual orientation.

REFERENCES

Bock Philip K. 1988. Rethinking Psychological Anthropology, Continuity and Change in the Study of Human Action.

Crawford Robert. 1977. "You are Dangerous to your Health: The Idealogy and Politics of Victim Blaming". In International Journal of Health Services, volume 7, number 4.

D'Emilio John. 1983. Sexual Politics, Sexual Communities: The Making of a Homosexual Minority in the United States. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Feldman Douglas A. 1988. Personal communication.

Goffman Erving. 1963. Stigma, Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Henry Jules. 1973. Pathways to Madness. New York: Vintage Books.

-----. 1963. Culture Against Man. New York: Random House.

-181-

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Culture and AIDS
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Chapter One - Introduction: Culture and Aids 1
  • Chapter Two - Aids in Cultural, Historic, and Epidemiologic Context 9
  • Notes 23
  • References 24
  • Chapter Three - the Sick Role, Stigma, and Pollution: the Case of Aids 29
  • Notes 42
  • References 43
  • Chapter Four - Assessing Viral, Parasitic, and Sociocultural Cofactors Affecting Hiv-1 Transmission in Rwanda 45
  • Note 51
  • References 51
  • Chapter Five - Aids and the Pathogenesis of Metaphor 55
  • Note 64
  • References 65
  • Chapter Six - Aids and Accusation: Haiti, Haitians, and the Geography of Blame 67
  • Notes 88
  • References 89
  • Chapter Seven - Prostitute Women and the Ideology of Work in London 93
  • Notes 108
  • References 109
  • Chapter Eight Minority Women and Aids: Culture, Race, and Gender 111
  • Notes 128
  • References 131
  • Chapter Nine Language and Aids 137
  • Notes 157
  • References 158
  • Chapter Ten Aids and Obituaries: the Perpetuation of Stigma in the Press 159
  • References 168
  • Chapter Eleven Sex, Politics, and Guilt: A Study of Homophobia and the Aids Phenomenon 169
  • Note 181
  • References 181
  • Chapter Twelve Increasing the Cost of Living: Class and Exploitation in the Delivery of Social Services to Persons with Aids 183
  • Notes 198
  • References 201
  • Chapter Thirteen Postscript: Anthropology and Aids 205
  • Note 208
  • References 208
  • Index 209
  • ABOUT THE EDITOR AND CONTRIBUTORS 215
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