Findings and Conclusions
This study has, to this point, examined separately the relationship between the various criteria of analysis and American and Canadian Jewry's respective levels of influence over their government's policies toward the Middle East and the Arab-Israeli conflict between 1973 and 1988. However, in order to produce generalizable conclusions about the relationship between the variables and the level of influence of an ethnic foreign policy interest group, it is necessary that the two pro-Israel lobbies be systematically compared. It is to this task that much of this concluding chapter is directed.
Based on the criterion of ethnic interest group influence employed in this book (that is, the extent to which a government's response to a particular policy issue parallels the preferences articulated by the group), the findings in tables 7 and 8 are discovered concerning American and Canadian Jewry's respective influence over policy for the Middle East from October 1973 to the end of December 1988.
The level of activity of both AIPAC and the Canada-Israel Committee were high throughout much of the 1973-88 period. The only variance for AIPAC occurred during the antiboycott campaign, when Jewish community leadership was taken formally by a triumvirate of national Jewish defense organizations.