U.S. Intelligence: Evolution and Anatomy

By Mark M. Lowenthal | Go to book overview

6
Politicized Intelligence

After the investigations of 1975-1976, the intelligence community probably would have liked nothing better than to be allowed to get back to work and retreat from all the unaccustomed publicity. But confidence in the functioning of the community had been so shaken that both overseers and overseen had to demonstrate that the new controls were working and any retreat was probably precluded. Instead, much that the community did remained in the public eye, making intelligence much more susceptible to the push and pull of politics from which it had long been exempt.


Team A-Team B

After a relatively quiet summer and autumn, intelligence, specifically analysis, returned to the news at the end of 1976. Several newspapers reported as early as October 20 that PFIAB had commissioned a group of outside experts to review the NIEs on the Soviet Union, and these experts had found that the NIEs had underestimated the threat. Thus began the controversy known as Team A-Team B.

As the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence later reported, PFIAB members had been concerned about

-47-

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U.S. Intelligence: Evolution and Anatomy
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword ix
  • About the Author xiii
  • Summary xv
  • I - The Evolution of U.S. Intelligence 1
  • Introduction 3
  • 1 - Antecedents of the Modern U.S. Intelligence Community 6
  • 2 - The National Security Apparatus 13
  • 3 - The Age of Smith and Dulles 22
  • 4 - Intelligence and an Activist Foreign Policy 30
  • 5 - The Great Intelligence Investigation 39
  • 6 - Politicized Intelligence 47
  • 7 - A Restored" Intelligence Community" 66
  • 8 - Intelligence in the Post-Cold War World 87
  • 9 - Observations 100
  • II - The Anatomy of U.S. Intelligence 103
  • 10 - Central Coordination and Management 105
  • 11 - Intelligence Agencies and Components 116
  • 12 - Oversight Bodies 138
  • 13 - Observations 144
  • Notes 146
  • Index 169
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