Central Coordination and Management
Broadly speaking, the structure of U.S. intelligence has been relatively stable since its inception during the period 1946-1949. The basic concepts worked out then largely survived intact through the collapse of Soviet power in 1991, albeit with necessary modifications and adjustments required by changing needs and relationships. At the time of this writing in early 1992, the House and Senate Intelligence committees were reexamining the role and structure across the board in the community, although it is not clear if these reviews will result in major functional or structural changes. In the following chapters, data on staffing and budgets are drawn from unclassified sources.
The position of director of central intelligence predates the creation of the CIA. There has been a DCI since 1946, when President Harry Truman signed a presidential directive creating the Central Intelligence Group, the successor to the wartime Office of Strategic Services. The 1947 National Security Act gave a statutory basis to U.S. intelligence, including the DCI. The DCI is nominated by the president,