Social and Ethical Aspects of the Development of the Slovak Evangelical Church in the Twentieth Century
The Slovak Lutheran church (officially, the Slovak Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession) is a reformation body whose fundamental principles and dogmas are sola fide and sola scriptura. That church "acknowledges the Augsburg confession of belief and all the symbols contained in Liber Concordiae as the truest explication of the Holy Scripture" ( Kavka, 1977: 4). The Slovak Evangelical church acknowledges Jesus Christ as founder and head of the church and considers itself to be part of His body and part of the ecumenical Christian church. On the basis of this, Slovak Evangelical believers try to work to achieve religious and moral renewal of society and to assure that Evangelical believers seek a higher spiritual and moral level for both individuals and the community.
The Slovak Evangelical church is a minority church in Slovakia and the Czech Republic; on the other hand, it is the biggest Protestant church in contemporary Slovakia and the Czech Republic. According to the census of 1990, 326,000 believers registered freely within that church, about 6 percent of the population. At present, the church carries out its activities predominantly on the territory of Slovakia, and the majority of its membership is Slovakian. The leading representatives of the Slovak Evangelical church under the present political situation favored the continuity of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic.