This bibliography also includes references to some books and articles that were helpful, but which are not cited in the text.
References to RFE/RL (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty) Reports and the Daily Reports of the FBIS (Foreign Broadcast Information Service), which have been cited throughout the text, are not listed in this bibliography.
Abel Elie. The Shattered Bloc. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1990.
Adelman Jonathan R., ed. Terror and Communist Politics. Boulder, CO and London: Westview Press, 1984.
Almond Mark. The Rise and Fall of Nicolae and Elena Ceausescu. London: Chapman's Publisher, Ltd., 1992.
Armstrong John A. "Toward a Framework for Considering Nationalism in East Europe." East European Politics and Societies 2, no. 2 (Spring 1988): 280-305.
Ash Timothy Garton. "Legacy in East Central Europe." In Solidarity and Poland, edited by Steve W. Requiam, 41-50. Washington, DC: The Wilson Center Press, 1989.
_____. The Magic Lantern. New York: Random House, 1990.
_____. The Polish Revolution. New York: Vintage Books, 1985.
Asmus Ronald D., J. F. Brown, and Keith Crane. Soviet Foreign Policy and the Revolutions in 1989 in Eastern Europe. Santa Monica, CA: Rand, 1991.
Azrael Jeremy R. "Varieties of De-Stalinization." In Change in Communist Systems, edited by Chalmers Johnson, 135-51. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1970.
Bahro Rudolf. "Introduction Lecture to the Alternative." In Communism and Eastern Europe, edited by Frantisek Silnitsky, Larisa Silnitsky, and Karl Reyman, 186- 232. New York: Karz Publishers, 1979.
Banac Ivo. "Post-Communism or Post-Yugoslavism: The Yugoslav Non-Revolutions of 1989-1990." In Eastern Europe in Revolution, edited by Ivo Banac, 168-87. Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University Press, 1992.