Multinational Companies in United States International Trade: A Statistical and Analytical Sourcebook

By F. Steb Hipple | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 5
AFFILIATE TRADE AND INTRAFIRM TRADE

This chapter presents and discusses the standardized trade table format which has been used in the book. The table format is based upon the affiliate and intrafirm definitions of MNC-related trade. Affiliate related trade also involves a trade overlap problem.


THE STANDARDIZED TRADE TABLES

A standardized table format has been used throughout the book to present the data on MNC-related trade. The table includes sections for affiliate related trade and intrafirm related trade. Within each section, detail data are shown for different categories of MNC-related trade. The trade data include measures of both the dollar value of trade and trade shares.

As an example, Table 6.1 from the next chapter is shown on page 33. The title of the table is "Table 6.1: Multinational Companies and U.S. Total Merchandise Trade in 1975." Three comparison years are used in this book - 1975, 1982, and 1989. Every chapter contains three tables for these three years. The "Table 6.1" part of the title means that the table is from Chapter 6 and is the first of the three trade tables and represents 1975.

The top section of the table is labeled "Affiliate Related Trade" and the bottom section is labeled "Intrafirm Related Trade," representing the two definitions of MNC-related trade. An identical format is used in both table sections.

The table has nine data columns. The first three data columns show exports, imports, and the trade balance in millions of U.S. dollars. The remaining six data columns show two measures of trade shares in percent.

The middle set of three data columns is based upon the share of "Total" trade (the first data row in the top and bottom sections of the table). The three

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