U.S. Senate Decision-Making: The Trade Agreements Act of 1979

By Robert W. Jerome | Go to book overview

4
The Non-Markups

EARLY NON-MARKUPS

March 6, 1979

The first Finance Committee "non-markup" was held on March 6, 1979 (which followed a staff meeting of March 5). Officially called "consultations," these meetings between members of the Finance Committee and representatives of the administration (mostly STR Ambassadors Strauss, Alfonse McDonald, and Alan Wolff) were held to design an implementing bill which would be acceptable to the majority of Congress and satisfy the negotiating positions the administration had reached on behalf of the United States. Given the unique procedures of the Trade Act of 1974 that required a congressional agreement relatively quickly and the fact that the negotiations were still incomplete and therefore confidential, one of the first orders of business was a vote to close these sessions to the public. The committee needed the closed sessions to be able to work more candidly without the pressure of special interest groups. Since the texts of the codes had not been released to the public, this provided a good excuse to close the sessions.

Most of the committee members attended these early meetings for educational reasons if no other. In addition to the substantive changes and developments of the implementing legislation, the meetings provided a good briefing on the status of the codes. All the meetings were run in a similar fashion. The trade staff would brief the committee on the issues and make recommendations. Then the committee, very much under the influence of Chairman Long, would decide to accept or reject the staff recommendations.

Robert Cassidy began the March 6 meeting with a description of the

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U.S. Senate Decision-Making: The Trade Agreements Act of 1979
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction vii
  • Part I- THE CASE STUDY 1
  • 1- History 3
  • 2- Trade Package 15
  • 3- Background, Briefings, And Hearings 23
  • 4- The Non-Markups 41
  • 5- The Non-Conferences And Final Passage 69
  • Part II- THE THEORIES 85
  • 6- Theoretical Dimensions 87
  • 7: Structural Theories 91
  • 8: Factorial Theories 103
  • 9: Behavioral Theories 117
  • 10- Mixed Theories 125
  • 11- Time 142
  • 12- Conclusion 143
  • Notes 149
  • Bibliography 161
  • Index 171
  • About the Author 177
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