Many kind and supportive colleagues have assisted in the completion of this book in countless ways. Professor Lois Cherepon and Professor Sandra Math, reference librarians at the Loretto Memorial Library, St. John's University, were able to track down obscure material and always found what was needed. Carmella Tino, reference librarian at the St. John's University Library, Queens Campus, located many needed sources. Marcia Moss, reference librarian and Municipal Archivist at the Concord Free Public Library in Concord, Massachusetts, provided time and help in locating material on William Torrey Harris. Martin Knorr, Archivist at the Harris-Stowe State College in St. Louis, provided material by and about William Torrey Harris. Olivia Aguilar Gattis, Archivist at the National Education Association, helped locate. nineteenth-century NEA Proceedings.
Professor Lauren Brown, Curator of Historical Manuscripts and Archivist of the University of Maryland ACEI Archives, and his staff, especially Phyllis Waters, provided guidance and material on the International Kindergarten Union, and many pioneers. The Public Information departments of the National Association for the Education of Young Children and the Association for Childhood Education International provided reprints, friendly words, and direction. Beth Alberty of the Workshop Center on Open Education was generous with her time, sharing personal memories of Lillian Weber and material from her work in progress. Susan Kaler and Judy Ceven of the Wheelock College Library provided time and material on Lucy Wheelock which could not be found elsewhere. Dr. Earl Bean of the Huntington Library, Hampton University, provided information from the archives. Wendy Thomas, Public Service Librarian at the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe College, provided help, printouts, and time. Roland Baumann, Archivist at Oberlin College, provided information on women graduates and the kindergarten at Oberlin.
Elisabeth Ogilvie and Dorothy Simpson were generous with their encouragement. Dr. Midred Dougherty of William Patterson College, editor of the Reading Instruction Journal of the NIRA, provided support and advice. D. Keith Osborn of the University of Georgia shared his research and provided encouragement until his untimely death in 1994. Dr. Dorothy Hewes, historian and professor emeritus of San Diego State University and OMEP, shared her knowledge, research, and insights on William Hailman, Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, and many hard to find sources.
There are dozens of reference librarians and archivists who were voices on the phone and they were a great help in many ways.
Moral support was provided by Dr. Irene S. Pyszkowski who encouraged, supported, and enjoyed this research from the start; Dr. Grace M. Dondero who encouraged, listened, and always found something at which to smile; and Dr. Teresa