Patty Smith Hill (1868-1946)
The unification and restructuring of kindergarten and primary education was the
aim of Hill's work. Hill's successes in early childhood education include the unification of the
kindergarten and first grade so that one teacher could work with both the kindergarten and primary grades; a revision of the curriculum to include new songs, equipment, and activities to promote creativity, social living, and better meet the needs
of young children; more work with parents; and changes in teacher training to
include theory based on the work's of John Dewey, Edward L. Thorndike, Granville
Stanley Hall, and William H. Kilpatrick. She encouraged the spread of nursery
schools and was a leader in the International Kindergarten Union and the Committee of Nineteen, as well as the Speyer and Horace Mann schools which served as
models for training teachers and innovations. Hill supported the link between Teachers' College, Columbia University and model schools to validate the professional
status of early childhood educators. She developed large wooden floor blocks called
Hill blocks.Under Hill's leadership early childhood education moved away from Friedrich
Froebel's idealism toward a modern scientific knowledge base.
|235. ||and Mildred J. Hill. Song Stories for the Kindergarten. Chicago: Clayton E.
Summy & Co. 1896. Words by Patty Smith Hill and music by Mildred J.
Hill. The collection includes "Good Morning to You" and "Happy Birthday."|
|236. || Free Play. Proceeding of the Seventh Annual Meeting of the International
Kindergarten Union, April 18-20, 1900. Brooklyn, New York. Chicago: Donnelley & Sons Printers, 1900, pp. 108-113. Discusses the function of
free play and games and their place in the kindergarten curriculum; the
advantages and disadvantages of substituting traditional games for kindergarten games, and concludes that it would be as much of a mistake to
disregard traditional games as it would be to substitute them for kindergarten games.|
|237. || "Some Conservative and Progressive Phases of Kindergarten Education" The Sixth Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education.
Part II the Kindergarten and Its Relation to Elementary Education, ed. Manfred J. Holmes. Chicago: Public School Publishing Co., 1907, pp. 61-85. Discusses the conditions and causes that gave rise to the reactionary movement; the present status of the Conservative and Progressive|