Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide

By Barbara Ruth Peltzman | Go to book overview

William Heard Kilpatrick (1871-1965)
Called "the million dollar professor" because of the thousands of students he attracted to Teachers College, Columbia University, Kilpatrick was considered to be the most influential force in teacher training of the twentieth century. Kilpatrick's contributions to early childhood education include the development of the Project Method, which changed curriculum and classroom activities by providing teachers with clean guidelines for organizing and structuring the school day. The Project Method helped early childhood teachers to structure the curriculum into units which helped them organize each subject around a central theme with appropriate child centered activities. He interpreted John Dewey's ideas for classroom teachers; authored numerous articles and books, including Foundations of Method and Education for a Changing Civilization; and advocated using pupil's developmental needs, interests, and problem-solving skills as the basis for classroom activities. Kilpatrick tried to reshape the role of the teacher from an authoritarian figure to that of a guide and worked for changes in teacher preparation programs. He was also a member of the Association for Childhood Education International advisory and editorial boards. Kilpatrick's work changed the classroom from teacher-centered to child-centered and restructured the kindergarten-primary curriculum to allow subject matter to be organized in innovative ways.
PRIMARY SOURCES
268. "Montessori and Froebel". Kindergarten Review 23 ( April 1913): 491-496. Kilpatrick examines and compares the work of Freidrich Froebel and Maria Montessori describing the attitude of Froebel and Montessori toward a scientific study of education; the doctrine of liberty of the child and itsdoctrine of character development; the adequacy of self-expression in both systems; the doctrine of auto-education; the utilization of systematic training by means of material objectives; and preparation for the school arts, and the basic curriculum areas of reading, writing, and arithmetic. Concludes "that in terms of scientific attitude, individual liberty, and concrete life experiences the conservative kindergarten can learn from Montessori, however, in terms of materials, play, and social cooperation Montessori can learn from American methods. . . . In America there is superior educational theory" which, if methods of early childhood education "were brought in line with the best that America otherwise knows, we should . . . need to hear but little of Froebel and less of Montessori."

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Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • References x
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Bibliography xvi
  • Johann Amos Comenius (1592-1670) 1
  • John Dewey (1859-1952) 3
  • Ella Victoria Dobbs (1866-1952) 17
  • Abigail Adams Eliot (1892-1992) 21
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel (1782-1852) 25
  • Arnold Lucius Gesell (1880-1961) 29
  • William Nicholas Hailmann (1836-1920) 33
  • Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) 41
  • William Torrey Harris (1835-1908) and Susan E. Blow (1843-1916) 47
  • Elizabeth Harrison (1849-1927) 55
  • Patty Smith Hill (1868-1946) 59
  • Amy M. Hostler (1898-1987) 63
  • Leland B. Jacobs (1907-1992) 65
  • William Heard Kilpatrick (1871-1965) 67
  • Lucy Craft Laney (1854-1933) 71
  • John Locke (1632-1704) 73
  • Emma Jacobina Christiana Marwedel (1818-1893) 75
  • Margaret Mcmillan (1860-1931) and Rachel Mcmillan (1859-1917) 77
  • Lucy Sprague Mitchell (1878-1967) 79
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 83
  • Robert Owen (1771-1858) 85
  • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894) 87
  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827) 91
  • Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 93
  • Caroline Pratt (1867-1954) 99
  • Alice Harvey Whiting Putnam (1841-1919) 101
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) 105
  • Alice Temple (1871-1946) 107
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) and the National Association of Colored Women 111
  • Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949) 117
  • Evangeline H. Ward (1920-1985) 121
  • Lillian Weber (1917-1994) 125
  • Lucy Wheelock (1857-1946) 129
  • Kate Douglas Wiggin (1856-1923) 133
  • Appendix - A Chronological List 135
  • Bibliography 137
  • Index 139
  • About the Author *
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