Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide

By Barbara Ruth Peltzman | Go to book overview

Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894)
For Peabody to think was to act, and her actions laid the foundation for American early childhood education. Peabody's wrote numerous articles and books about the philosophy, curriculum, and value of the kindergarten. She was editor and founder of The Kindergarten Messenger; gave international lectures; and, as a guest of the United States Commissioner of Education in 1871, served as referee on the subject of the kindergarten in discussions; which resulted in her writing the 1870 Commissioner of Education's annual report. Peabody encouraged students of Friedrich Froebel to come to America to organize schools and train teachers. She pestered Superintendent William Torrey Harris to establish public school kindergartens in Saint Louis; influenced the establishment of the kindergarten training department at what became Hunter College of the City of New York; encouraged widespread development of English language kindergartens and teacher training programs for White and Black teachers and children; and encouraged innovators. Peabody's effort on behalf of the kindergarten was her greatest contribution to American education. While others were the true shapers of curriculum and practice, without "eccentric little Miss Peabody's irritating persistence," the kindergarten would not have had the exposure needed to gain public support.
PRIMARY SOURCES
341. and Mary Mann. Guide to the Kindergarten and Intermediate Class and Moral Culture of Infancy. Revised Edition. New York: E. Steiger, 1877 (rev.) The revised edition of the original book contains new insight based on visits to kindergartens in Europe. The new ideas helped Peabody realize that a book cannot make someone an expert kindergartner, only observation, experimentation, and firsthand experience can help someone develop the methods needed to teach young children. This guide is intended for experienced teachers. Contains object lessons, a description of the kindergarten, how to organize the room, and a section by Mary Mann that consists of seven letters of advice to a kindergarten teacher on the use of methods and materials. Also contains a section of kindergarten songs.
342. Lectures in the Training Schools for Kindergartners. Boston: D.C. Heath, 1886. A series of eight lectures presented to those training to teach kindergarten children. Includes discussions of the use of language, how to observe children, and the education of those who wish to become kindergartners. The appendix contains notes to the lectures, "The Song of the Weather," and "The Lord's Prayer." Provides view of early training methods.

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Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • References x
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Bibliography xvi
  • Johann Amos Comenius (1592-1670) 1
  • John Dewey (1859-1952) 3
  • Ella Victoria Dobbs (1866-1952) 17
  • Abigail Adams Eliot (1892-1992) 21
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel (1782-1852) 25
  • Arnold Lucius Gesell (1880-1961) 29
  • William Nicholas Hailmann (1836-1920) 33
  • Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) 41
  • William Torrey Harris (1835-1908) and Susan E. Blow (1843-1916) 47
  • Elizabeth Harrison (1849-1927) 55
  • Patty Smith Hill (1868-1946) 59
  • Amy M. Hostler (1898-1987) 63
  • Leland B. Jacobs (1907-1992) 65
  • William Heard Kilpatrick (1871-1965) 67
  • Lucy Craft Laney (1854-1933) 71
  • John Locke (1632-1704) 73
  • Emma Jacobina Christiana Marwedel (1818-1893) 75
  • Margaret Mcmillan (1860-1931) and Rachel Mcmillan (1859-1917) 77
  • Lucy Sprague Mitchell (1878-1967) 79
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 83
  • Robert Owen (1771-1858) 85
  • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894) 87
  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827) 91
  • Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 93
  • Caroline Pratt (1867-1954) 99
  • Alice Harvey Whiting Putnam (1841-1919) 101
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) 105
  • Alice Temple (1871-1946) 107
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) and the National Association of Colored Women 111
  • Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949) 117
  • Evangeline H. Ward (1920-1985) 121
  • Lillian Weber (1917-1994) 125
  • Lucy Wheelock (1857-1946) 129
  • Kate Douglas Wiggin (1856-1923) 133
  • Appendix - A Chronological List 135
  • Bibliography 137
  • Index 139
  • About the Author *
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