Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide

By Barbara Ruth Peltzman | Go to book overview

Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949)
Thomdike was a pioneer in experimental psychology and the measurement of educational outcomes. His ideas were very far removed from those of Friedrich Froebel and it was not until after extensive laboratory testing in the 1920s that they were accepted by the kindergarten movement.The translation of Thomdike's work into practice in the restructuring of the kindergarten was done in a variety of ways. The development of precise goals; the development of an inventory of habits that stated how to measure changes in behavior; changes in activities to reflect desirable changes in conduct and skills development; a connection between kindergarten and the first grade to measure continuous growth; the use of individual and group problemsolving as the means for developing desired conduct through meaningful experiences; and the kindergarten report card which remains today as an inventory of desirable habits. Thomdike's ideas changed the structure of the kindergarten and modern early childhood education by introducing educators to the importance of a scientific theory of learning.
PRIMARY SOURCES
455. "Notes on Psychology for Kindergartners" Teachers College Record 4 (November 1903): 45-76. Provides a discussion of the application of psychological principals to the education of young children. Discusses the relation of mind to body life; mental health; the relation of mental life to muscular contraction; mental growth; native tendencies; habit (including the general dynamics of mental life); inhibitions; the influence of special forms of training on general abilities; and modern means of measuring mental traits. Concludes with a description of the ways in which the kindergarten is changing methods in response to new scientific ideas. Presents a comparison of the 1889 kindergarten and the 1901 kindergarten to show the changes in methods, materials, and content.
456. Principles of Teaching Based on Psychology. New York: Seiler, 1906. Class lectures from Teachers College published as a complete book on scientific methods of teaching. Thorndike states that the aim of the book is to "make the study of teaching scientific and practical." Chapters cover The Teacher's Problem; Psychology and the Art of Teaching; Physical Education; Interests and Capacities; Appreciation; Interests; Individual Differences; Attention; Reading; Motor Expression; and concludes with Testing: The General Results of Teaching, General Results of School Work,

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Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • References x
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Bibliography xvi
  • Johann Amos Comenius (1592-1670) 1
  • John Dewey (1859-1952) 3
  • Ella Victoria Dobbs (1866-1952) 17
  • Abigail Adams Eliot (1892-1992) 21
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel (1782-1852) 25
  • Arnold Lucius Gesell (1880-1961) 29
  • William Nicholas Hailmann (1836-1920) 33
  • Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) 41
  • William Torrey Harris (1835-1908) and Susan E. Blow (1843-1916) 47
  • Elizabeth Harrison (1849-1927) 55
  • Patty Smith Hill (1868-1946) 59
  • Amy M. Hostler (1898-1987) 63
  • Leland B. Jacobs (1907-1992) 65
  • William Heard Kilpatrick (1871-1965) 67
  • Lucy Craft Laney (1854-1933) 71
  • John Locke (1632-1704) 73
  • Emma Jacobina Christiana Marwedel (1818-1893) 75
  • Margaret Mcmillan (1860-1931) and Rachel Mcmillan (1859-1917) 77
  • Lucy Sprague Mitchell (1878-1967) 79
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 83
  • Robert Owen (1771-1858) 85
  • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894) 87
  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827) 91
  • Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 93
  • Caroline Pratt (1867-1954) 99
  • Alice Harvey Whiting Putnam (1841-1919) 101
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) 105
  • Alice Temple (1871-1946) 107
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) and the National Association of Colored Women 111
  • Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949) 117
  • Evangeline H. Ward (1920-1985) 121
  • Lillian Weber (1917-1994) 125
  • Lucy Wheelock (1857-1946) 129
  • Kate Douglas Wiggin (1856-1923) 133
  • Appendix - A Chronological List 135
  • Bibliography 137
  • Index 139
  • About the Author *
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