Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide

By Barbara Ruth Peltzman | Go to book overview

Lucy Wheelock (1857-1946)
Founder of Wheelock College, Wheelock was a leading figure in the kindergarten movement. Wheelock advocated a gradual evolution of Friedrich Froebel's principles and materials. She founded Wheelock Kindergarten Training School in 1896. She served as second president and founding member of the International Kindergarten Union; was a member and chairperson ( 1905-1909) of the Committee of Nineteen, and one of the editors of the final report The Kindergarten in 1913; worked with, and in 1908 served as chairperson of, the National Congress of Mothers, which became the National Congress of Parents and Teachers;and served on the joint committee of the International Kindergarten Union and the National Education Association ( 1913-1918); and was a member of the Education Committee of the League of Nations. Wheelock visited eight southern states in 1916 on a Mothers' Crusade to establish kindergartens. She was also a prolific author, coauthoring with Elizabeth Colson , Talks to Mothers; translating Red Letter Stories and Swiss Stories for Children by Johanna Spyre; and writing a weekly newspaper column called "Hints To Teachers." She organized the free kindergarten at Hope Chapel for Black children in Boston and worked with settlement houses and organized a kindergarten at South End House connected to the Wheelock Training School. Wheelock contributed to early childhood education as a lecturer, author, and community activist on behalf of establishing kindergartens for all children.In 1941 the Wheelock Kindergarten Training School became Wheelock College.
PRIMARY SOURCES
496. "Symbolism in Teaching." Sunday School Teacher 31 ( November 16, 1899): 46. Wheelock explains Froebel's use of symbolism and that "these truths must be made objective in objects the child constructs."
497. The Kindergarten Gifts. Kindergarten Review 10 ( December 1899): 107- 108. Describes the use and importance of Froebel's Gifts in the kindergarten program.
498. "Report of the Committee of Nineteen." Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the International Kindergarten Union, April, 1907, New York City. Cleveland, Ohio: Electric Printing Co., 1907, pp. 41-49. Identifies six topics which cause variation in practice. (1) Adherence to Froebel and Froebelian philosophy. (2) The theory of play, and the relation of play to work. (3) The place of instinct in early education. (4) The sense image versus the idea. (5) The doctrine of interest as applied to the kindergarten

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Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • References x
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Bibliography xvi
  • Johann Amos Comenius (1592-1670) 1
  • John Dewey (1859-1952) 3
  • Ella Victoria Dobbs (1866-1952) 17
  • Abigail Adams Eliot (1892-1992) 21
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel (1782-1852) 25
  • Arnold Lucius Gesell (1880-1961) 29
  • William Nicholas Hailmann (1836-1920) 33
  • Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) 41
  • William Torrey Harris (1835-1908) and Susan E. Blow (1843-1916) 47
  • Elizabeth Harrison (1849-1927) 55
  • Patty Smith Hill (1868-1946) 59
  • Amy M. Hostler (1898-1987) 63
  • Leland B. Jacobs (1907-1992) 65
  • William Heard Kilpatrick (1871-1965) 67
  • Lucy Craft Laney (1854-1933) 71
  • John Locke (1632-1704) 73
  • Emma Jacobina Christiana Marwedel (1818-1893) 75
  • Margaret Mcmillan (1860-1931) and Rachel Mcmillan (1859-1917) 77
  • Lucy Sprague Mitchell (1878-1967) 79
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 83
  • Robert Owen (1771-1858) 85
  • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894) 87
  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827) 91
  • Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 93
  • Caroline Pratt (1867-1954) 99
  • Alice Harvey Whiting Putnam (1841-1919) 101
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) 105
  • Alice Temple (1871-1946) 107
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) and the National Association of Colored Women 111
  • Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949) 117
  • Evangeline H. Ward (1920-1985) 121
  • Lillian Weber (1917-1994) 125
  • Lucy Wheelock (1857-1946) 129
  • Kate Douglas Wiggin (1856-1923) 133
  • Appendix - A Chronological List 135
  • Bibliography 137
  • Index 139
  • About the Author *
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