The central focus of this study is the life and career of Robert L. Eichelberger. As noted in the Introduction, there are few secondary sources on this topic. In fact, most of the secondary works on World War II and the occupation of Japan omit any discussion of Eichelberger. Furthermore, many of the autobiographies (and biographies) of prominent military leaders fail to include any reference to the Eighth Army commander. This study, therefore, has been forced to rely heavily on manuscript sources, primarily the personal papers of Robert Eichelberger and Douglas MacArthur.
The unpublished materials used in the preparation of this study were drawn from a number of collections, including the Robert L. Eichelberger Papers, the Douglas MacArthur Memorial Archives, the Dwight D. Eisenhower Papers, the George C. Marshall Papers, the Clovis E. Byers Papers, the General Henry H. Arnold Papers, the Edwin M. Watson Papers, and the Mark W. Clark Papers. Materials used from each of these collections are described in detail below.
Robert L. Eichelberger Papers ( William R. Perkins Library, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina)
The Robert L. Eichelberger Papers constitute the prime source for this study. Consisting of 251 boxes, this collection includes a wide variety of valuable materials. Boxes 1-45 include Eichelberger's letters, both personal and official. Boxes 46-50 contain notebooks of dictations (in shorthand) on assorted subjects.