Organizational Power Politics: Tactics in Organizational Leadership

By Gilbert W. Fairholm | Go to book overview

14
Bases of Power
The basis of power is control over needed and scarce resources. We may define resources as anything physical or psychological we own and make available to others and valuable to them in meeting their perceived needs. To be useful for power purposes, the target must see the resources as available only (or most economically) from us. In effect, power comes to us when others perceive us as having resources in some kind of monopoly ( Kipnis, Schmidt, and Wilkinson, 1980). The scarcer the commodity, the more useful it is to us to achieve our desires from those who want that commodity. The more of these scarce resources we control, the more powerful we are in the eyes of those persons in need.Any discussion of power bases must include the seminal work of French and Raven ( 1959). They distinguished five types of power: reward power, coercive power, expert power, referent power, and legitimate power. Briefly, they define these very commonly referenced bases of power as follows:
1. Reward power--based on our ability to provide benefits to the target.
2. Coercive power--based on our ability to provide punishing effects to the target for noncompliance.
3. Expert power--based on the special ability and knowledge that we have that the target would like to have or use.
4. Referent power--based on desires others have to identify favorably with us or with what we symbolize to them.
5. Legitimate power--based on the feeling others have that we have the right and authority to exert influence over their activities. This feeling results from acceptance of our grant of power by the formal organization or through historical precedence.

-181-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Organizational Power Politics: Tactics in Organizational Leadership
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 230

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.