Multi-author projects of this kind are cooperative ventures, and their completion depends on many people. First, my thanks go to those who suggested potential contributors. Then, I owe a special debt to the scholars who took the time to prepare chapters and submit their prose and ideas to my criticism. I hope that they learned as much from their parts in this book as they taught me. Thanks also to Leonard Dinnerstein and Karen Anderson of my department and to Fred Nicklason of the University of Maryland History Department for reading individual chapters and offering their suggestions and ideas. My research assistant, Walter Rusinek, checked countless numbers of footnotes and bibliographic citations with a cheerfulness and competence I appreciated. Nikki Matz, the History Department Manuscript Secretary, typed numerous drafts of the manuscript with skill. Jon Wakelyn, the series author, offered ideas and encouragement during the early stages of the project. My daughter, Sarah Nichols, helped with the chore of preparing an index. Finally, Arlene Belzer and her staff are working to make the last adjustments and improvements in the manuscript as it goes into production. All have helped in ways large and small, and each person has my thanks and appreciation.