American Frontier and Western Issues: A Historiographical Review

By Roger L. Nichols | Go to book overview

find useful parallels between twentieth-century undeveloped countries and the American frontier experience. Clearly frontier scholars have moved far beyond Turner's ninety-year-old ideas, and environmental studies offer one of the most exciting avenues for modern researchers to follow.


NOTES
1.
Carl O. Sauer, "Historical Geography and the Western Frontier" and "Theme of Plant and Animal Destruction in Economic History", in John Leighly, ed., Land and Life: A Selection from the Writings of Carl Sauer ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1963).
2.
Clarence Glacken, Traces on the Rhodian Shore: Nature and Culture in Western Thought from Ancient Times to the End of the Eighteenth Century ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967).
3.
Frank N. Egerton, "Ecological Studies and Observations Before 1900", in B. J. Taylor and T. D. White, eds., Issues and Ideas in America ( Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1976).
4.
See a modern edition: Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, introduction by Thomas Perkins Abernethy ( New York: Harper and Row, 1964).
5.
Henry Steele Commager and Elmo Giordanetti, Was America a Mistake? ( New York: Harper and Row, 1967).
6.
Elliott Coues, ed., History of the Expedition Under the Command of Lewis and Clark. . . . ( New York: Francis P. Harper, 1893, 4 vols.; reprinted New York: Dover Publications, 1965, 3 vols.).
7.
William H. Goetzmann, Exploration and Empire: The Explorer and the Scientist in the Winning of the American West ( New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1966); Richard A. Bartlett , Great Surveys of the American West ( Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1962).
8.
Quoted in Goetzmann, Exploration and Empire, p. 304.
9.
Louis Agassiz, Lake Superior: Its Physical Character, Vegetation, and Animals, Compared with Those of Other and Similar Regions. . . . ( Boston: Gould, Kendall and Lincoln, 1850).
10.
Goetzmann, Exploration and Empire, p. 303.
11.
A definitive modern edition was edited by Marsh's biographer, David Lowenthal, and published by Harvard University Press in 1965; see also Lowenthal, George Perkins Marsh: Versatile Vermonter ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1958).
12.
Roderick Nash, Wilderness and the American Mind, 3d ed., rev. ( New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1982).
13.
John Conron, The American Landscape: A Critical Anthology of Prose and Poetry ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1973).
14.
Leo Marx, The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1964); Henry Nash Smith, Virgin Land: The American West as Symbol and Myth ( Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1950). This literary environmentalism is also covered in Hans Huth, Nature and the American: Three Centuries of Changing Attitudes ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1957; reprinted Lincoln: Bison Books, University of Nebraska Press, 1972); Charles L. Sanford , The Quest for Paradise: Europe and the American Moral Imagination ( Ur

-21-

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American Frontier and Western Issues: A Historiographical Review
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vi
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • Notes 6
  • 2 - The Environment and the Frontier 7
  • Notes 21
  • 3 - Economic Development of the American West 27
  • Notes 42
  • 4 - Agriculture and Livestock Production 51
  • Notes 60
  • 5 - Frontier Urbanization 69
  • Notes 82
  • 6 - Frontier and Western Transportation 89
  • Notes 104
  • 7 - Mining Frontiers 109
  • Notes 124
  • 8 - Frontier Social History 131
  • Notes 144
  • 9 - Historians and Indians 149
  • Notes 169
  • 10 - Frontier Women 179
  • Notes 194
  • 11 - Ethnic Groups and the Frontier 199
  • Notes 211
  • 12 - Foreign Affairs and Expansion 217
  • Notes 229
  • 13 - Territorial Government 235
  • Notes 244
  • 14 - The Frontier Army 253
  • Notes 264
  • Sources and Repositories for Frontier and Western History 275
  • Index 279
  • About the Contributors 301
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