Video Recording Technology: Its Impact on Media and Home Entertainment

By Aaron Foisi Nmungwun | Go to book overview

Chapter 4
Introduction of Tape Development and the German Magnetophon

Ever since Poulsen's Telegraphone aroused curiosity among scientists and inventors all over the world, German scientists as well as their government, more than any other single group or nation, have encouraged further research on magnetic recording and reproducing and improvements thereon. Although American engineers, scientists, and the public were almost totally isolated from published information on magnetic recording theory and practice, due to Charles Rood's activities, the Germans had already mastered various aspects of the magnetic recording machines through their pre-World War I experiences with them, and their constant use during and after the war. One would have imagined that the publicity that resulted from the American Telegraphone case would produce massive interest in the American public, but the reverse was the case. The American public tended to accept the impression established by the American Telegraphone Company, that magnetic recording technology was a failure.

Initially, individual engineers and inventors, such as Kurt Stille, A. Nazarischarily, Karl Bauer, and Fritz Pfleumer, were responsible for keeping the magnetic recording industry alive in the face of a rigid competition from the phonograph industry. Until the late 1920s in Europe, wire was the main medium used in magnetic recording. But progress did not occur until the entrance of two industrial giants, the powerful chemical and plastic group, I.G. Farbenindustrie A.G. who under the supervision of its subsidiary BASF developed magnetic tape to an acceptable industry standard, and the electrical hardware manufacturer, Allgemeine Electricitaets Gesellschaft (AEG). Their collaboration would later form the groundwork for the modern magnetic tape recorder. The main interest in Germany was centered on

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Video Recording Technology: Its Impact on Media and Home Entertainment
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • Prologue xi
  • Chapter I - Introduction 1
  • Chapter 2 - Reproducing the Sound of the Living World 8
  • Chapter 3 - The Origin of Magnetic Recording 36
  • Chapter 4 - Introduction of Tape Development and the German Magnetophon 57
  • Chapter 5 - Nonmagnetic Methods of Recording Television 99
  • Chapter 6 - The Advent of the Videotape Recorder 112
  • Chapter 7 - The Home Video Revolution 143
  • Chapter 8 - VCR Market Growth 164
  • Chapter 9 - Videodisc Systems 180
  • Chapter 10 - Portable Video Recorders 186
  • Chapter 11 - The Impact of Video Technology on Related Industries 199
  • Epilogue 244
  • Notes 251
  • Glossary 264
  • Bibliography 270
  • Author Index 281
  • Subject Index 283
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