Workforce Readiness: Competencies and Assessment

By Harold F. O'Neil Jr. | Go to book overview

reform is not a sufficient condition for faster economic change, but it is a necessary condition.

The emergence of new forms of work and new demands on workers are also having important effects on the assessment of performance or potential performance on the job. Although this represents a significant change for many workers, the accumulated experience with the assessment of professional skills should already provide the basis for the design of new assessments for skills, for occupations, and for jobs that in the past have been well characterized by the skill components perspective. Thus new assessments will almost certainly involve a combination of complex written material, simulations, monitored performance, and evaluations of past work experience. As is the case with the assessment of professional occupations today, it seems unlikely that one assessment tool will be able to give an adequate picture of the skills and competencies of tomorrow's production and service jobs.


ACKNOWLEDGMENT

Much of the research reported in this chapter was funded by the U.S. Department of Education through the National Center for Research in Vocational Education at the University of California at Berkeley.


REFERENCES

Appelbaum E., & Batt R. ( 1994). The new American workplace: Transforming work: Systems in the United States. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press.

Bailey T. ( 1989). Changes in the. nature and structure of work: Implications for skill requirements and skill formation. Berkeley, CA: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, University of California at Berkeley.

Bailey T. ( 1991). "Jobs of the future and the education they will require: Evidence from occupational forecasts". Educational Researcher, 20( 2), 11-20.

Bailey T. ( 1993). Discretionary effort and the organization of work: Employee involvement and work reform since Hawthorne (report prepared for the Sloan Foundation). New York: Institute on Education and the Economy, Teachers College, Columbia University.

Bailey T., & Merritt D. ( 1995). Making sense of industry-based skill standards. Berkeley, CA: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, University of California at Berkeley,

Barley S. ( 1992). The new crafts: The rise of the technical labor force and its implication for the organization of work (Working Paper WP05). Philadelphia: National Center for the Educational Quality of the Workforce, University of Pennsylvania.

Bell D. ( 1973). The coming of the post-industrial society. New York: Basic Books.

Bennet W. ( 1984). To reclaim a legacy: A report on the humanities in higher education. Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Humanities.

Berryman S., & Bailey T. ( 1992). The double helix of education and the economy. New York: Institute on Education and the Economy, Teachers College, Columbia University.

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