Language and Politics in the United States and Canada: Myths and Realities

By Thomas Ricento; Barbara Burnaby | Go to book overview

the national level, it will not happen. Perhaps it will not be until deep values are significantly modified (or until the education crisis becomes too critical to ignore) that the political will to foster such policies will emerge. Let us hope that with increased awareness through education, dialogue and debate, Americans will come to see diversity as normal and beneficial, a central element of national identity. If that were to happen, terms such as bilingual education would become obsolete because monolingual education would no longer exist.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

I would like to thank Barbara Burnaby, Nancy Hornberger, and Terrence Wiley for their very helpful comments and suggestions on earlier drafts of this chapter.


REFERENCES

Baker K. A., & de A. A. Kanter (Eds.). 1983). Bilingual education: A reappraisal of federal policy. Lexington, MA: Lexington.

Baugh J.( 1984). "Chicano English: The anguish of definition". In J. Ornstein-Galicia (Ed.), Form and function in Chicano English (pp. 3-13). Rowley, MA: Newbury House.

Beach C., & Vaillancourt F. ( 1996). Income and language skills of Canadians, 1970-1990 (Mimeographed document). Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Brod R., & Huber B. ( 1997). "Foreign language enrollments in United States institutions of higher learning, Fall 1995". ADFL Bulletin 28, 2.

Buckley W. F. ( 1992, February 12). "Brits, Zulus, Buchanan, and politics". Detroit Free Press, p. 9A.

Carr J. ( 1985). "Bilingualism in Canada. Is the use of the English language a natural monopoly"? In F. Vaillancourt (Ed.), Economie et langue (pp. 27-37). Québec: Conseil de la langue française.

Christian D., & Whitcher A.( 1995). Directory of two-way bilingual education programs in the United States. Santa Cruz, CA: National Center for Research on Cultural Diversity and Second Language Learning.

Crawford J. ( 1986, June 4). "U.S. enforcement of bilingual plans declines sharply". Education Week, p. 1.

Crawford J. ( 1989). Bilingual education: History, politics, theory and practice. Trenton, NJ: Crane.

Crawford J. ( 1992). Hold your tongue: Bilingualism and the politics of "English Only." Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Cummins J. ( 1994). "The discourse of disinformation: The debate on bilingual education and language rights in the United States". In T. Skutnabb-Kangas & R. Phillipson (Eds.), Linguistic human rights: Overcoming linguistic discrimination (pp. 159-177). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Draper J. B., & Hicks J. H.( 1996). "Foreign language enrollments in public secondary schools, Fall, 1994: Summary report". Foreign Language Annals, 29, 303-306.

Epstein N. ( 1977). Language, ethnicity, and the schools: Policy alternatives for bilingual-bicultural education. Washington, DC: Institute for Educational Leadership.

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