have been integrated into many behavioral interventions in CVD without fully appreciating or evaluating the intervention components related to manipulating aspects of social support. Based on this evidence, we propose that it is now time to develop and test the effects of social isolation and social support using rigorous clinical trial methods, in addition to supporting continued research using prospective observational study designs. Only through such a dual strategy can we make substantial progress in this area in the coming years.
This chapter was supported in part by National Institute of Aging grant RO1AG11042-01A1. Parts of this chapter and Table 5.1 are reprinted from "The Role of Social Relations in Health Promotion" by L. F. Berkman, 1995, Psychosomatic Medicine, 57, pp. 245-254. Copyright © 1995 by Williams & Wilkins.