Reducing Prejudice and Discrimination

By Stuart Oskamp | Go to book overview

must be developed. This chapter has described four factors having the potential to encourage such public support. First, visible leadership on the part of those who head our social institutions is a crucial, insufficiently-used resource. Second, media coverage of topics related to race must offer systematic analysis that encourages the American public to recognize the operation of structural, systematic dynamics in producing racial inequality. Third, political contenders should avoid "the temptations of race" ( Kinder & Sanders, 1996) -- i.e., politicians must be encouraged to use their platforms to promote racial unity and equality, rather than competing for the votes of White bigots. Finally, policies that bolster the economic status of White communities should also increase White support for racial change.


NOTES
1.
A multi-level modeling program such as HLM, which acknowledges the uniformity of locality scores for respondents within a given locality, would produce highly similar effectsize estimates, but the probabilities associated with significance tests for the localitylevel contextual predictors would be larger. In other words, readers should realize that the OLS significance test results reported here are somewhat too liberal.

REFERENCES

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Allport G. W. ( 1954). The nature of prejudice. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley

Bem D. J. ( 1972). Self-perception theory. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 6, pp. 1-62). New York: Academic Press

Bentler P. M. ( 1989). "EQS Structural equations program manual". Los Angeles: BMDP Statistical Software

Bielby W. T., & Baron J. N. ( 1984). A woman's place is with other women: Sex segregation within organizations. In B. F. Reskin (Ed.), Sex segregation in the workplace (pp. 27-55). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Blumer H. ( 1958). "Race prejudice as a sense of group position". Pacific Sociological Review, 1, 3-7.

Bobo L., & Kluegel J. R. ( 1993). "Opposition to race-targeting: Self-interest, stratification ideology, or racial attitudes?" American Sociological Review, 58, 443-464.

Braddock J. H., & McPartland J. M. ( 1987). "How minorities continue to be excluded from equal employment opportunities: Research on labor market and institutional barriers". Journal of Social Issues, 43( 1), 5-39.

Burstein P. ( 1979). "Public opinion, demonstrations, and the passage of anti-discrimination legislation". Public Opinion Quarterly, 79, 157-172.

Clark W. A. V. ( 1986). "Residential segregation in American cities: A review and interpretation". Population Research and Policy Review, 5, 95-127.

Crain R. L., Mahard R. E., & Narot R. E. ( 1982). Making desegregation work: How schools create social climates. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.

Davis J. A., & Smith T. W. ( 1990). The General Social Survey: Cumulative codebook and data file. Chicago: National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago.

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