Handbook of Psychology and Health: Cardiovascular Disorders and Behavior - Vol. 3

By David S. Krantz; Andrew Baum et al. | Go to book overview

1
Behavior and Cardiovascular Disease: Issues and Overview

David S. Krantz, Andrew Baum, Jerome E. Singer Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

Despite the fact that there has been a real decline in cardiovascular mortality in recent years (USDHEW, 1979a), the major cardiovascular disorders, including coronary heart disease (CHD), hypertension, and sudden death, still account for one in two deaths in the United States. Because of a confluence of factors, research on cardiovascular disorders is one of the most developed areas of inquiry in the study of behavioral influences on health. First, epidemiologic studies reveal that these diseases are not an inevitable consequence of aging and genetic make-up ( Kannel, 1979). Numerous environmental and behavioral variables are involved in their etiology and pathogenesis. Second, considerable progress has been made in moving beyond the establishing of correlations between psychological variables and cardiovascular disorders, to explore basic mechanisms linking behavioral processes to particular manifestations of disease.

This book provides an intensive review and evaluation of the progress of biobehavioral research on the etiology, treatment, rehabilitation, and prevention of the major cardiovascular disorders (coronary heart disease, essential hypertension, and cardiac arrhythmia/sudden death). The aim has been to assemble scholarly reviews pertaining to all three disorders in a single location where they can be easily accessed by researchers and practitioners. As is generally recognized, for each of these disorders an understanding of pathogenesis, and the implementation of effective preventive and treatment strategies requires consideration of the interplay of hereditary factors, metabolic alterations, and the individual's lifestyle. Such an interdisciplinary perspective is reflected by the fact that the contributors to this volume span a range of disciplines, including the basic biomedical sciences; physiology; experimental, physiological, social and clinical psychology; psychiatry; social epidemiology, and medical sociology. This intro-

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Handbook of Psychology and Health: Cardiovascular Disorders and Behavior - Vol. 3
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Table of Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • Handbook of Psychology and Health *
  • 1 - Behavior and Cardiovascular Disease: Issues and Overview 1
  • References 14
  • 2 - Animal Behavior Models of Coronary Heart Disease 19
  • References 50
  • 3 - Perspectives on Coronary-Prone Behavior 57
  • Acknowledgments 77
  • References 77
  • 4 - Attention and Coronary Heart Disease 85
  • Acknowledgments 116
  • References 116
  • 5 - Psychological Factors in Cardiac Arrhythmias and Sudden Death 125
  • Acknowledgments 150
  • References 150
  • 6 - Animal Models of Hypertension 155
  • References 189
  • 7 - Behavioral-Cardiac Interactions in Hypertension 199
  • ACKNOWLDEGMENTS 226
  • References 226
  • 8 - Modification of Coronary-Risk Behavior 231
  • Acknowledgments 270
  • References 270
  • 9 - The Non-Pharmacologic Treatment of Hypertension 277
  • References 291
  • 10 - Recovery and Rehabilitation of Heart Patients: Psychosocial Aspects 295
  • References 328
  • Author Index 335
  • Subject Index 355
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