coded by Molitor and Sapolsky (cf. Molitor & Sapolsky, 1994). This may be the case for the slasher films that have been used as stimuli in experimental studies of males' reactions to film violence (e.g., Friday the 13th: Part 2, I Spit on Your Grave, Maniac, Nightmare, Texas Chainsaw Massacre, Toolbox Murders, and Vice Squad from Linzn, Donnerstein, & Penrod, 1984, 1988). These films may in fact dwell on women as victims, and often do so in the context of sexual activity. Other violent horror movies that might be compared to the more popular slasher films are those that have duplicated the plot (i.e., dead zombies eating victims) of Night of the Living Dead (e.g., Return of the Living Dead, Dawn of the Dead, and Day of the Dead), and the Faces of Death series, which includes actual footage of gruesome accidental deaths, autopsies, and executions. Although these types of films have not been as popular in theatrical release, they may have received wider exposure through videotape rentals.
It is obvious that different conclusions about the level of extreme violence and the level of violence directed at women may be drawn, depending on which films are included in what we have referred to as the slasher subgenre. One characteristic that would appear to be important, for example, is the number of female characters present in a film and thus available to serve as targets of extreme violence ( Molitor & Sapolsky, 1994). We anticipate that further analyses of film content will reveal subtle distinctions in what have to date been broadly defined as slasher movies.
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