Anxiety Sensitivity: Theory, Research, and Treatment of the Fear of Anxiety

By Steven Taylor | Go to book overview

of AS will help enhance an understanding of the determinants of common and fundamental fears.

Although there have been only a handful of studies of the expectancy theory, available findings cast doubt on the adequacy of the theory. Indeed, some studies have obtained results that are directly opposite to those predicted by Equation 1. Modifications to this equation may be necessary. We have proposed one modification, which was designed to account for recent findings (e.g., Telch & Harrington, 1994). However, it remains to be seen whether our modified equation outperforms Equation 1 when new data sets are used. Also, to determine whether AS is a critical variable, the predictive power of these equations should be directly compared to those of other models, including models that do not include AS as a variable. Such empirically based comparisons should advance our understanding of the role of AS in anxiety disorders and subsequently direct effective treatment strategies.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Preparation of this chapter was supported in part by a grant from the British Columbia Health Research Foundation.


REFERENCES

American Psychiatric Association. ( 1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders ( 4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Bandura A. ( 1988). "Self-efficacy conceptions of anxiety". Anxiety Research, 1, 77-98.

Clark D. M. ( 1986). "A cognitive approach to panic". Behaviour Research and Therapy, 24, 461-470.

Davey G. C. L. ( 1992). "Classical conditioning and the acquisition of human fears and phobias: A review and synthesis of the literature". Advances in Behaviour Research and Therapy, 14, 29-66.

Geer J. H. ( 1965). "The development of a scale to measure fear". Behaviour Research and Therapy, 3, 45-53.

Gray J. A. ( 1982). The neuropsychology of anxiety. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gursky D. M., & Reiss S. ( 1987). "Identifying danger and anxiety expectancies as components of common fears". Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 18, 317-324.

Izard C. E. ( 1977). Human emotions. New York: Plenum.

Klein D. F. ( 1993). "False suffocation alarms, spontaneous panics, and related conditions: An integrative hypothesis". Archives of General Psychiatry, 50, 306-317.

Lilienfeld S. O. ( 1996a). "Anxiety sensitivity is not distinct from trait anxiety". In R. M. Rapee (Ed.), Current controversies in the anxiety disorders (pp. 228-244). New York: Guilford.

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