Anxiety Sensitivity: Theory, Research, and Treatment of the Fear of Anxiety

By Steven Taylor | Go to book overview
important than previously supposed or that certain aspects of these questions need a second look. For example, sensitivity theory encourages the following types of research:
Researchers can use the new Reiss instruments to develop motivational profiles of various diagnostic conditions.
Sensitivity theory has implications for longitudinal research in developmental psychopathology. The theory posits a host of new risk factors that may predict mental disorders in adulthood based on the presence of aberrant motivation in adolescents or children. Positive findings may facilitate early detection of certain mental disorders, which is an important step toward primary prevention.
Investigators should study the durability of treatment outcomes. To what extent does the level of aberrant motivation at the end of therapy predict the recurrence of aberrant behavior?
Sensitivity theory provides a basis for strengthening applied behavior analysis. The combined approach may lead to more effective clinical techniques for those populations for whom applied behavior analysis is still widely used, such as people with mental retardation. Furthermore, the integration of sensitivity theory and applied behavior analysis may provide a basis for re-building some bridges between this valuable approach and the larger field of clinical psychology.

REFERENCES

Aman M. G. ( 1991). Assessing psychopathology and behavior problems in persons with mental retardation: A review of available instruments. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Aman, M. G., Singh N. N., Stewart A. W., & Field C. J. ( 1985). "The Aberrant Behavior Checklist: A behavior rating scale for the assessment of treatment effects". American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 89, 492-502.

American Psychiatric Association. ( 1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders ( 4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Bandura A. ( 1977). "Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change". Psychological Review, 84, 191-215.

Bandura A. ( 1986). "Fearful expectations and avoidant actions as coeffects on perceived self-efficacy". American Psychologist, 41, 1390- 1391.

Berlyne D. E. ( 1960). Conflict, arousal and curiosity. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Bihm E. M., Poindexter A. R., Kienlen T., & Smith B. L. ( 1992). "Staff perceptions of reinforcer responsiveness and aberrant behavior in people with mental retardation". Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 22, 83-93.

Bradburn N. M. ( 1969). The structure of psychological well-being. Chicago: Aldine.

Carr E. G. ( 1977). "The motivation of self-injurious behavior: A review of some hypotheses". Psychological Bulletin, 84, 800-816.

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