Cognitive Training Methods in Rehabilitation of Memory
This chapter deals with the application of cognitive training methods in neuropsychological rehabilitation of memory. The role and status of rehabilitation methods in relation to rehabilitation goals are discussed, as well as the factors influencing the proper choice of methods. Approaches to treatment of impaired memory are described in relation to theory and practical procedures performed in a stepwise fashion and combining individual and group techniques.
Neuropsychological rehabilitation is a specialized domain in clinical neuropsychology requiring multidisciplinary knowledge in neurosciences, cognitive and experimental psychology, as well as acquaintance with psychotherapeutic models and theory. The demand for scientifically based treatment techniques has been made by many authors during the past years ( Diller & Gordon, 1981; Luria, 1963; Maruszewski, 1968; Powell, 1981; Tsvetkova, 1972; Wilson, 1987).
Tsvetkova wrote that material about rehabilitation dealt with practical problems, whereas the theoretical and scientific bases of therapeutic education were less developed. She believed that the development of theoretical foundations is an essential task for the neuropsychology, and therefore started to create specific programs along these lines. In current literature, the emphasis is on using knowledge of various branches of psychology to provide theories about