the intellectual, emotional, and social challenges of life can be obtained in many cases. The realistic view of life as a dynamic process, where changes -- even dramatic ones -- can occur and be overcome, should also hold true for brain injury.
This chapter has been written without hard facts or numbers. It has advocated the inclusion of humanistic principles into a formerly mainly medical area. I end with a quotation from Luria's last book ( Luria, Cole, & Cole, 1979):
Classical scholars looked at events in terms of their parts. Step by step they singled out important units and elements until they could formulate abstract general laws that were seen as the governing agents in their respective fields. As a result, living reality with its richness of detail was reduced to dry and abstract schemes. The living whole was lost which prompted Göthe to pen his well-known saying: "Grau, lieber Freund, ist jede Theorie, und grün des Lebens goldener Baum ( Grey, dear friend, is every theory, evergreen is life's tree)." (p. 174)
The second type of scholar of sciences was just the opposite. These men of sciences did not follow reductionism, which was the leading philosophy of the "classics." Romantics in sciences wanted neither to split living reality into elementary components nor to compress the whole wealth of life's concrete events into dry schemes or overly abstract concepts devoid of real impressions. They thought that preserving the whole wealth of living reality was of utmost importance, and they tried to ascend to a science that would not lose this richness of living reality.
Ben-Yishay J., & Diller L. ( 1981, May). Working approaches to remediation of cognitive deficits in brain damage. Supplement to 9th annual workshop for rehabilitation professionals, New York University, Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, New York City, NY.
Cajal R. Y. ( 1928). Degeneration and regeneration of the central nervous system. London: Oxford University Press.
Christensen A.-L. ( 1975). Luria's Neuropsychological Investigation. Textbook, manual and test materials ( 4th ed.). Copenhagen: Munksgaard.
Goldstein K. ( 1973). "Biophysical theories: Effect of brain damage on personality". In T. Millon (Ed.), Theories of psychopathology and personality ( 2nd ed., pp. 54-62). Philadelphia: Saunders
Luria A. R., Cole M., & Cole S. 1979). The making of mind. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.