Person-Environment Psychology and Mental Health: Assessment and Intervention

By William E. Martin Jr.; Jody L. Swartz-Kulstad | Go to book overview

two of the most researched and used P-E matching paradigms in applied psychology; Holland's Model of Vocational Personalities and Work Environments Theory and the Theory of Work Adjustment (TWA). Swanson and Chu present two examples that demonstrate how P-E fit theories apply in individual interventions.

In chapter 8, we assert that mental health professionals have not lived up to their good intentions to effectively integrate ethnocultural factors in the provision of mental health services. We suggest that a P-E approach may indeed be the most likely model to actually improve mental health services to persons from various ethnocultural backgrounds. We present a P-E fit model that focuses on an individual's psychosocial adaptation to settings based on cultural and contextual correspondence.

Following the presentation of chapters, we discuss the focal points that emerged in the book that apply P-E psychology to the establishment of effective mental health strategies for adolescents and adults.


CONCLUSION

No longer do mental health professionals place the "responsibility" for mental health on the shoulders of the person, alone. It is understood that problems arise from the unique interaction between person and environment. Service providers must and are beginning to view the person in context. Although the greatest amount of attention has been paid to educational and work settings, it is clear that all of the individuals' life settings contribute meaningfully to positive psychosocial adaptation and each must be considered. The following chapters explore the ways in which taking a person-environment perspective, deepens our understanding of theory and research on the one hand, and practice with adolescents and adults in context on the other.


REFERENCES

Barker R. G. ( 1968). Ecological Psychology: Concepts and methods for studying human behavior. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Dawis R. V. ( 1992). "The individual differences tradition in counseling psychology". Journal of Counseling Psychology, 39( 2), 7-19.

Kantor J. R. ( 1924). Principles of psychology (Vol. 1). Bloomington, IN: Principia Press.

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