Person-Environment Psychology and Mental Health: Assessment and Intervention

By William E. Martin Jr.; Jody L. Swartz-Kulstad | Go to book overview

ganization (including key administrators, supervisors, and therapists) must be fully committed to the philosophical (e.g., definition of the mental health professional's role) and empirical (e.g., accountability for clinical outcomes) framework of the treatment model. Substantial changes in agency policies and in staff members' work routines are often required to successfully implement an ecologically oriented (i.e., home- and community-based) treatment model, and concrete support should be evident from the administration of the service organization (e.g., implementing flex time and comp time policies for staff, scheduling regular supervision and consultation times, providing highly competitive salaries).

In summary, we believe that comprehensive, flexible, and ecologically valid treatment models, like several of those discussed here, hold the most promise in reducing long-term rates of criminal activity and violent offending in adolescents. Of course, extensive validation and replication are needed for even the most promising treatment approaches. Nevertheless, given the significant problems that adolescent offenders present for our society, as well as the questionable ethics of providing these adolescents with mental health services that do not produce durable changes, it is time that priority be placed on the evaluation of promising treatment models for serious antisocial behavior in adolescents.


REFERENCES

Akhtar N., & Bradley E. J. ( 1991). "Social information processing deficits of aggressive children: Present findings and implications for social skills training". Clinical Psychology Review, 11,621-644.

Alexander J. E, Holtzworth-Munroe A., & Jameson P. B. ( 1994). "The process and outcome of marital and family therapy research: Review and evaluation". In A. E. Bergin & S. L. Garfield (Eds.), Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change ( 4th ed., pp. 595-630). New York: Wiley

Alexander J. F, & Parsons B. V. ( 1973). "Short-term behavioral intervention with delinquent families: Impact on family process and recidivism". Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 81,219-225.

Alexander J. E, & Parsons B. V. ( 1982). Functional family therapy. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Arbuthnot J., Gordon D. A., & Jurkovic G. J. ( 1987). "Personality". In H. C. Quay (Ed.), Handbook of juvenile delinquency (pp. 139-183). New York: Wiley.

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