Coping with Uncertainty: Behavioral and Developmental Perspectives

By David S. Palermo; Center for the Study of Child and Adolescent Development | Go to book overview

menter wishes so that the experimenter can accurately determine that genotype's score. The same sources of variation still contribute to each subject's score but these variations are assumed to vary equally in a positive and negative direction and therefore not bias the final determination of the true mean associated with the particular genotype of interest. This issue is discussed in more detail in Blizard and Bailey ( 1979).

Genetic Methods Permit Examination of the Prenatal Environment. Our review of research on the Maudsley strains has also shown that prenatal influences that are under genetic control contribute to phenotypic variation in open-field activity. This demonstration shows that prenatal influences can contribute to behavior within the normal range and opens up this period of development for empirical study. The special experimental designs that were described earlier that permit examination of pre-and postnatal influences illustrate the power of genetic manipulations to study the sources of individual variation. Only additional experimentation will reveal whether prenatal influences contribute to other phenotypic differences between the Maudsley strains or individual differences in behavior in man.


ACKNOWLEDGMENT

Preparation of this chapter was supported in part by NIMH grant by MH-39210 to the author.


REFERENCES

Adams N.& Blizard D. A. ( 1987). Defeat and cardiovascular response. The Psychological Record, 37, 349-368.

Amaral D. G., & Sinnamon H. M. ( 1977). The locus coeruleus: neurobiology of a central noradrenergic nucleus. Progress in Neurobiology, 9, 147-196.

Aston-Jones G., & Bloom F. E. ( 1981). Norepinephrine-containing locus coeruleus neurons in behaving rats exhibit pronounced responses to non-noxious environmental stimuli. Journal of Neuroscience, 1, 887-900.

Bignami G. ( 1965). Selection for high rates and low rates of conditioning in the rat. Animal Behaviour, 13, 221-227.

Blizard D. A. ( 1968). Autonomic and behavioral correlates of emotionality. Unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Wales, Cardiff.

Blizard D. A. ( 1971). Autonomic reactivity in the rat: Effects of genetic selection for emotionality. Journal of Comparative Physiological Psychology, 76, 282-289.

Blizard D. A. ( 1981). The Maudsley Reactive and Non-Reactive strains: a North American perspective. Behavior Genetics, 11, 469-489.

Blizard D. A. ( 1988). The locus ceruleus: A possible neural focus for genetic differences in emotionality, Experientia, 44, 491-495.

Blizard D. A., Altman H. J., & Freedman L. S. ( 1982). The peripheral sympathetic nervous system in rat strains selectively bred for differences in response to stress. Behavioral and Neural Biology, 34, 319-325.

-96-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Coping with Uncertainty: Behavioral and Developmental Perspectives
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 210

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.