Stuttering: A Short History of a Curious Disorder

By Marcel E. Wingate | Go to book overview

vantage, 35 and so efforts were made to change this preference. The most compelling reports of concurrence between stuttering and left-handedness involved instances of "forced" change in handedness. Often it was reported that a child began to stutter after being required to abandon his native left-hand preference and to learn right-hand usage. Further, many instances were reported in which a child stopped stuttering when allowed to return to his left-hand preference.

Travis' espousal of the cerebral dominance basis for stuttering evoked much professional excitement, stimulated a great deal of research, and aroused considerable controversy. Research addressed to some facet of the issue continued actively through the 1930s, yielding corroborative data, contradictory evidence, and findings that were equivocal. Then, by the early 1940s, attention to the issue subsided quite rapidly. This decline in interest may have resulted in part because of the equivocal and contradictory findings that had emerged. A major problem attending laterality research, not adequately recognized in this early work, is that laterality and its assessment are complex matters (see, for example, Annett 1978). However, the most likely reason was that, in 1938, Travis left Iowa, his laboratories, and his research program. After Travis' departure a much different ambience surfaced there.

Travis moved to southern California, where he held positions in several institutions until his death in 1987. However, after leaving Iowa his era of productive and stimulating research was over. In fact, some of his later writings ( Travis 1940, 1957) were in the genre of dynamic psychology, in which he revealed a creative imagination and a verbal flair comparable to others who have written in that vein. 36 In shifting ground so dramatically, Travis implicitly repudiated his earlier outstanding research. Nonetheless, during the fifty years following his departure from Iowa, he never abandoned the "evidence of disturbed cerebral dominance in stutterers" ( Moeller 1976: p. 75). In fact, late in life ( Travis 1978a, 1978b) he reaffirmed his conviction that cerebral laterality is somehow involved in stuttering.

Since the time Travis left Iowa occasional expressions of interest in cerebral dominance have appeared, but only intermittently. Nonetheless, some sources continue to be impressed by evidence that indicates some link between laterality and stuttering (e.g., Blood 1985; Records et al. 1977; Sussman and MacNeilage 1975; Webster 1986; Wingate 1988.) However, beginning in approximately the mid-1930s, professional attention to this linkage was overwhelmed and deflected by a movement that even then was under way at the University of Iowa. The foundations and early developments of this movement are the major subject of Chapter 6.


NOTES
1.
The source of O'Hara's inspiration remains obscure. A short-lived "reply" to K-K-K-Katy,

-80-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Stuttering: A Short History of a Curious Disorder
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures and Tables ix
  • Preface xi
  • Chapter 1 - Introduction 4
  • Part I - Long Ago and Far Away 7
  • Chapter 2 - Eoanthropus to Anno Domini 7
  • Notes 16
  • Chapter 3 - Anno Domini to 1700 27
  • Part II - The Significant Interim 29
  • Chapter 4 - 1700-1900 29
  • Notes 54
  • Chapter 5 - Early Twentieth Century 80
  • Part III - Modern Times 85
  • Chapter 6 - A Decade of Formative Transition 85
  • Notes 106
  • Chapter 7 - A View with Room 109
  • Notes 133
  • Part IV - Still Wandering 137
  • Chapter 8 - The Legacy 137
  • Notes 159
  • Chapter 9 - Other Dimensions 194
  • Part V - Denouement 199
  • Chapter 10 - Synopsis and Sequelae 199
  • Notes 214
  • Glossary 217
  • References 225
  • Further Reading 241
  • Name Index 243
  • Subject Index 247
  • About the Author 251
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 260

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.