Synopsis and Sequelae
The history of stuttering presented in the foregoing chapters has revealed a wide range of information about the disorder that can provide a realistic appreciation of its substance, and should serve to clarify efforts to understand its nature. The historical review also has identified certain circumstances that have afforded immediate benefit, as well as treatment principles and techniques that, used with success heretofore, are applicable in the present and for at least the foreseeable future.
The Synopsis of this final chapter is intended to bring into particular focus the major findings of this critical historical review. The section titled "Sequelae" is intended to emphasize, first, how those findings call for modifications in the way stuttering is conceptualized, and second, principles of and approaches to management of the disorder that are defensible in terms of what history reveals.
First, it is clear that stuttering is an ancient disorder, it has been part of human history as least as long as human history has been recorded. That one can readily trace a history of the disorder is itself clear evidence of its existence as a recognizable and describable entity. As I noted in a previous publication,