Black and White in Southern Zambia: The Tonga Plateau Economy and British Imperialism, 1890-1939

By Kenneth P. Vickery | Go to book overview

extensive cultivation. Insofar as Tonga were expelled from European- held land or prevented from moving on to it, this land alienation inhibited the response to marketing opportunities of the imperial economy; as one witness before the Reserves Commission conceded, Africans "want to keep near the rail line as they can trade their grain better.'' 98 But the settler community was not large or powerful enough to reduce the Plateau Tonga to wage earners only, or even primarily. Here the situation differed from so many others in southern Africa. On the eve of the Copperbelt era, the combination of African strengths and settler weakness imparted an unusual balance to the struggle of settler versus peasant in Northern Rhodesia.


NOTES
1.
L. H. Gann, A History of Northern Rhodesia ( London, 1964), p. 180.
2.
NAZ KDB 6/6/1, Magoye Annual Reports (A. R.), 1918/ 1919 to 1920/ 1921; KSP 3/1, Kalomo District Notebook.
3.
E. A. Brett, Colonialism and Underdevelopment in East Africa ( London, 1973), p. 177.
4.
Livingstone Mail, 2/5/ 1919. Gann incorrectly reports that 5 million acres were to be made available; Gann, Northern Rhodesia, p. 180.
5.
Interview, H. L. Savory, 16/8/1973.
6.
NAZ KTS 111/2/2, Baird to Arnold, 6/12/ 1920, and Baird to Kensington, 9/8/ 1920; KSP 3/1, Kalomo District Notebook, pp. 239-250. Interview, H. L. Savory, 16/8/ 1973.
7.
NAZ KDB 1/3/6, Baird to Secretary, Administration, 24/6/ 1920.
8.
GBCO 417, no. 785, 20/8/1920, Report of Advisory Council Meeting, 21-29/6/1920.
9.
Great Britain. House of Commons. Parliamentary Papers, Cmd. 1471. South Africa. Second Report of the Committee Appointed by the Secretary of State for the Colonies to consider certain questions relating to Rhodesia. August 1921.
10.
GBCO 417, 10/3/ 1922, Bishop of Northern Rhodesia to Stanley, 20/2/ 1922, enclosure in Imperial Secretary to Colonial Office, 10/3/ 1922.
11.
NAZ KDB 1/3/6, Baird to Secretary, Administration, 24/6/ 1920, and Secretary to Baird, 8/7/ 1920.
12.
NAZ NWR/BS3/127, Totals from official returns on surrender of native rights; KDB 6/6/1, Magoye Annual Reports, 1918/ 1919- 1921/ 1922. Population estimate based on Annual Reports, District Notebooks, and Reserves Commission Report of 1927. See section on population in Chapter 6.
13.
Interview, Alfred Jojo, 13/9/1973.
14.
Interview, Sailas Siachakambilwa, 1/4/1974.
15.
D. Ncete, "History of the Tonga," typescript in Livingstone Museum, p. 8.

-140-

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Black and White in Southern Zambia: The Tonga Plateau Economy and British Imperialism, 1890-1939
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • RECENT TITLES IN CONTRIBUTIONS IN COMPARATIVE COLONIAL STUDIES ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Maps vii
  • List of Tables ix
  • Preface xi
  • Notes and Abbreviations xiii
  • Introduction 3
  • 1 - The Plateau in the Late Nineteenth Century 13
  • Notes 29
  • 2 - The Imperial Economy in South Central Africa, 1890-1925: An Overview 35
  • Conclusion 48
  • Notes 49
  • 3 - Contact and Conquest, 1890-1904 53
  • Notes 67
  • 4 - A Colonial Situation, 1904-1918 71
  • Conclusion 112
  • Notes 113
  • 5 - Boom and Bust, 1918-1925 121
  • Notes 140
  • 6 - Transformation of the Indigenous Economy: The Emergence of a Peasantry 145
  • Notes 177
  • 7 - Peasants, Settlers, and State in the Copperbelt Era, 1925-1939 185
  • Conclusion 210
  • Conclusion 211
  • 8 - Epilogue and Conclusion 215
  • Notes 228
  • Bibliography 231
  • Index 245
  • About the Author 249
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