Information Seeking: An Organizational Dilemma

By J. David Johnson | Go to book overview

PREFACE

I wrote this book for a combination of personal and professional reasons. Recently, I have engaged in sponsored research focusing on cancer-related information seeking (e.g., Johnson & Meischke, 1993), a matter of some importance to my family. Individuals increasingly find that they must choose between an array of alternatives based on often very limited knowledge. Thus, information seeking, literally, is an important survival tool for individuals.

As I became more interested in the general concept, I began to see the pervasiveness of issues surrounding information seeking to almost every aspect of our social lives, especially to modern organizations. This book highlights the importance and pervasiveness of information seeking in organizations, and develops models and analytic frameworks to promote a comprehensive understanding of information seeking. Information seeking often represents a dilemma, balancing many negative and positive aspects, for the organization. Indeed, the forces promoting ignorance in organizations often outweigh imperatives to seek information.

This book explores both sides of the information-seeking dilemma, examining reasons why people do and do not seek information. While the benefits of information seeking are well known, we know very little about the processes that have led to the failure of most information technologies designed to support it. Since literally billions of dollars are spent inappropriately on information technologies, a greater understanding of strategies that promote information seeking is needed. This book specifies general strategies that management and workers can employ to enhance information seeking.

As I investigated information seeking in greater depth, I was struck by how little was known about such an important issue. Especially lacking were systematic, in-depth theoretical treatments and associated rigorous empirical

-xi-

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Information Seeking: An Organizational Dilemma
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures and Tables ix
  • Preface xi
  • One Introduction and Overview 1
  • Two Hierarchies, Networks, and Markets 11
  • Three Information Fields 33
  • Summing Up 43
  • Four Information Carriers: A Focus on Channel Selection and Usage 45
  • Conclusion 65
  • Five Barriers to Information Seeking or the Benefits of Ignorance 69
  • Summary 96
  • Six Strategies for Seekers (and Nonseekers) 99
  • Summary 112
  • Seven Strategies for Managers 113
  • Summary 131
  • Bibliography 151
  • Index 177
  • About the Author 181
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