Church-State Relationships in America

By Gerard V. Bradley | Go to book overview

2
The Sacred Canopy: Law and Lexicon of Church-State in the Founding Era

Justice Rutledge's "sparse Congressional discussion"-- because the essential issues had been settled" 1--unwittingly, and perversely, contains the key to understanding the Establishment Clause. His statement is only almost literally true. Sparseness is relative, and compared to the discussion of other Bill of Rights provisions, the Establishment Clause was much debated, although it received in absolute terms only a little careful attention. The justice is "perversely" correct because the implication of his comments is subtly misleading. He suggests that the nagging church-state issue was finally settled by the Establishment Clause when only the meaning of nonestablishment as sect equality was. The more general issue continues to nag American society, especially the Supreme Court, to this day. But Rutledge could not have more accurately, however unwittingly, explained the relatively little commotion greeting disestablishment in Congress: everyone knew it meant no sect preference and agreed that it was an appropriate federal norm. This consensus or convergence quality of the Establishment Clause--that the meaning of it (like most of the rest of the Bill of Rights) was not novel and represented conventional thought--is apparent throughout this book and impels the discussion first to that terrain in which both prevailing norms of church and state and the legal language transporting those norms were clearly marked. The Constitution and laws of the states, as well as the experiences captured within them, are the indispensable referents, and for three reasons. Before the revolution, there was no nation from which to derive a national norm. Even during the brief Articles of Confederation period, union was so attenuated and the national government so weak that it serves poorly as a prism for focusing the genuine sentiments of the people. The second reason

-19-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Church-State Relationships in America
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 170

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.