For the sake of clarity, all plays appear in italics, whether published, unpublished, or staged. All unpublished plays are identified as such following their titles.
LHP-YUBL: Langston Hughes Papers, James Weldon Johnson Collection, Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University.
Abramson Doris E. Negro Playwrights in the American Theatre, 1925-1959. New York: Columbia UP, 1967.
Asante Molefi K. Afrocentricity. Trenton, NJ: Africa World, 1988.
Baker Houston A., Jr. Blues, Ideology and Afro-American Literature: A Vernacular Theory. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1984.
Baldwin James. The Price of the Ticket: Collected Nonfiction, 1948-1985. New York: St. Martin's, 1985.
Baraka Amiri. "Langston Hughes and the Harlem Renaissance". Daggers and Javelins: Essays, 1974-1979. New York: Quill, 1984. 149-65.
_____. "Restaging Langston Hughes' Scottsboro Limited". Interview with Vèvè Clark. Black Scholar July-Aug. 1979: 62-69.
Barksdale Richard. Langston Hughes: The Poet and His Critics. Chicago: ALA, 1977.
_____. "Miscegenation on Broadway: Hughes's Mulatto and Edward Sheldon's The Nigger". Critical Essays on Langston Hughes. Ed. Edward J. Mullen . Boston: G. K. Hall, 1986. 191-99.
Bass George. "Five Stories about a Man Named Hughes: A Critical Reflection". Langston Hughes Review 1.1 (Spring 1982): 1-12.
Berry Faith. Langston Hughes: Before and Beyond Harlem. Westport, CT: Lawrence Hill, 1983.