their own self-interest were the same. Jackson saw himself as a father figure to those Indians, ready to treat them as children who did not know what was best for themselves. 8 Jackson and his group were convinced that only by moving the tribes beyond the bounds of white settlement could the Indians maintain their culture. At the same time, the removal did much to enhance the wealth of many of the Jackson group and was readily rationalized as consistent with what was expected of the gentry. As historians writing in recent years have argued, the traditional premodern world of revolutionary America may have been placed in jeopardy by the force of a more modern commercial life, but for the men who are the subject of this study, the two fit nicely together. Commercial opportunity in the Tennessee country brought to reality dreams that were the products of struggles for a better life that began with earlier generations in Ulster and the Scottish lowlands. The culture of the fathers provided the dreams for the sons and for some Tennessee became the land of opportunity.