public attention and praise showered on Jackson after the battle of New Orleans; Carroll's failure to be a second for Jackson in the duel noted earlier was also an important factor in the tension between the two. Even the slightest hint of disloyalty to the general, even the slightest possibility of flaw in character could antagonize him. It was Carroll's loyalty in supporting Jackson's choice of Van Buren to succeed him that ended his reign as the most popular politician in Tennessee. Perhaps the difficult question is why Jackson continued to accept Carroll as an ally at all. Certainly political expediency provides a partial answer. Carroll was popular in Tennessee, as his ability to win the governorship on six different occasions proved. Then there was the bond, forged in battle, between the two men. While Jackson found Carroll's behavior in the years after Horseshoe Bend and New Orleans exasperating at times and not always that of a gentleman, Carroll had proven himself on the battlefield and nothing mattered more to Jackson than that. Nevertheless in the post war period Carroll's place among the lieutenants was marginal both in Jackson's eyes and in those of the rest of the group.
Following his defeat, Carroll returned to the world of business. He had the means now to buy a plantation in Mississippi that was run by an overseer; buying plantations in other parts of the territory and having them managed by overseers was a practice common among Tennessee leaders. In 1844, the second hero of New Orleans died a rich man. For William Carroll there was never any contradiction between building a market economy for the benefit of all, himself included, and standing beside the general in the crusade to protect and preserve the republic.