Gender, Power, and Communication in Human Relationships

By Pamela J. Kalbfleisch; Michael J. Cody | Go to book overview

continue to perpetuate the themes discussed in this chapter, occasionally an individual creates a work that combats those themes. For example, Thelma and Louiseportrays the pain of sexual coercion while refusing to perpetuate the themes that obscure male perpetrators' responsibility for their sexual violence and sexual harassment. Books written by feminists, such as Dale Spender ( 1990) Man Made Language and Julia Penelope ( 1990) Speaking Freely: Unlearning the Lies of the Father Tongues,critique language usage and suggest changes. Such efforts can also be seen in the mass media. Los Angeles Timeseditor Shelby Coffey III recently issued new guidelines suggesting alternatives to language that may be offensive to different ethnic, racial, gender, and sexual minorities ( Kathy Gosnell, Los Angeles Times,personal communication, December 16, 1993; Kurtz, 1993). The guidelines recommend against using sexist terms such as "mailman" and heterosexist terms such as "admitted homosexual." Some staff members (see Kurtz, 1993) as well as commentators (e.g., Schorr, 1993) have criticized this policy as "boneheaded" or trivial. But language is power, and working to use language in ways that promote sexual autonomy and discourage sexual coercion is an important step toward creating a society in which sexual choice is respected and sexual activity is freely chosen.


REFERENCES

A billionaire [Movie advertisement].( 1993, April), Glamour, p. 93.

Allgeier E. R., & Allgeier A. R. ( 1991). "Sexual interaction"(3rd ed.). Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath.

Beneke T. ( 1982). Men on rape: What they have to say about sexual violence. New York: St. Martin's Press.

"The body counters". ( 1993, April 12). People Weekly, pp. 34-37.

Brothers J. ( 1981). What every woman should know about men. New York: Ballantine Books.

Brownmiller S. ( 1975). Against our will: Men, women and rape. New York: Bantam Books.

Burnam M. A., Stein J. A., Golding J. M., Seigel J. M., Sorenson S. B., Forsythe A. B., & Telles C. /> A. ( 1988). "Sexual assault and mental disorders in a community population". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 843-850.

Cherry F. ( 1983). "Gender roles and sexual violence". In E. R. Allgeier & N. B. McCormick (Eds.), Changing boundaries: Gender roles and sexual behavior (pp. 245-260). Palo Alto, CA: Mayfield.

Cohen S. S. ( 1990, November). "What makes a woman sexy?" Ladies Home Journal, pp. 116, 121-123.

Daly M. ( 1978). Gyn/ecology: The metaethics of radical feminism. Boston: Beacon Press.

Estrich S. ( 1987). Real rape. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Feldman R. S. ( 1993). Understanding psychology. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Fiorenza E. S. ( 1986). In memory of her: A feminist theological reconstruction of Christian origins. New York: Crossroad.

Firestone S. ( 1993). "The culture of romance". In A. M. Jaggar & P. S. Rothenberg (Eds.), Feminist frameworks: Alternative theoretical accounts of the relations between men and women (3rd ed.) (pp. 448-453). New York: McGraw-Hill.

G. & C. Merriam Co. ( 1981). Webster's new collegiate dictionary. Springfield, MA: Author.

Gander P. ( 1989). Father Gander's nursery rhymes for the nineteen nineties: The alternative Mother Goose. New York: Oleander Press.

Gavey N. ( 1989). "Feminist poststructuralism and discourse analysis". Psychology of Women Quarterly, 13, 459-475.

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