Decision Making in the Workplace: A Unified Perspective

By Lee Roy Beach | Go to book overview

novel ideas. GSS has been shown to be an effective tool for generating ideas, and it appears to reduce the blocking effects of the unified culture.

When individuals from unified cultures use GSS, they can begin to act as if they are from fragmented cultures, using the full extent of their diversity. When encouraging cultural unification, one no longer has to consider it a simple tradeoff between the benefits of unified culture and the benefits of a fragmented culture. Through creative use of GSS, individual meetings can be designed that take advantage of the culture type most useful at the time.

GSS seem to have more complex sociocognitive effects than just the ability to reduce production-blocking effects. GSS can also change the way images are applied. The interaction between the ability to enter ideas anonymously and the ability to read others' ideas seems to expand individuals' images of what is acceptable and allow groups to develop more ideas than groups without computer support.


REFERENCES

Beach. L. R. ( 1990). Image theory. Decision making in personal and organizational contexts. Chichester, UK: Wiley.

Beach L. R. ( 1993). "Broadening the definition of decision making: The role of prechoice screening of options". Psychological Science, 4, 215-220.

Connolly T, Routhieaux R. L., & Schneider S. K. ( 1993). "On the effectiveness of group brainstorming: Test of one underlying cognitive mechanism". Small Group Research, 24, 490-503.

Dennis A. R., George J. P., Jessup L. M., Nunamaker J. F., Jr., & Vogel D. R. ( 1988). "Information technology to support electronic meetings". MIS Quarterly, 12, 591-624.

Dennis A. R., & Valacich J. S. ( 1993). "Computer brainstorms: More heads are better than one". Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 531-537.

Gallupe, R. B., & Cooper W. H. ( 1993/Fall). "Brainstorming electronically". Sloan Management Review, 27-36.

Gallupe R. B., Dennis A. R., Cooper W. H., Valacich V. S., Bastianutti L., M. &. Nunamaker J. F., Jr . ( 1992). "Electronic brainstorming and group size". Academy of Management Journal, 35, 350-369.

Nunamaker J. F., Dennis A. R., Valacich J. S., Vogel D. R., & George J. F ( 1991/July). "Electronic meeting systems to support group work". Communications of the ACM, 34, 40-61.

Osborn A. F. ( 1963). Applied imagination: Principles and procedures of creative problem-solving ( 3rd ed.). New York: Scribner.

Siegel J., Dubrovski V., Keisler. S., & McQuire T. W. ( 1986). "Group processes in computer mediated communication". Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 37, 157-187.

Valacich J. S., Dennis A. R., & Connolly T. ( 1994). "Idea generation in computer-based groups: A new ending to an old story". Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 57, 448-467.

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Decision Making in the Workplace: A Unified Perspective
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • 1: Image Theory, the Unifying Perspective 1
  • References 19
  • 2: Why a New Perspective on Decision Making is Needed 21
  • References 30
  • 3: Job Search and Job Selection 33
  • Conclusions 46
  • References 46
  • 4: Career Decisions 49
  • Conclusions 61
  • References 62
  • 5: Supervision and Job Satisfaction 63
  • References 71
  • 6: Why Employees Quit 73
  • Conclusion 89
  • References 89
  • 7: Audit Decisions 91
  • Summary 99
  • References 99
  • 8: Screening of Clients by Audit Firms 101
  • Conclusions 115
  • References 116
  • 9: Organizational Culture and Decision Making 117
  • Summary and Practical Implications 129
  • References 131
  • 10: Mitigating Cultural Constraints on Group Decisions 133
  • Conclusion 141
  • References 142
  • 11: Imagination and Planning 143
  • References 153
  • 12: Designing Marketing Plans and Communication Strategies 155
  • Summary and Conclusions 164
  • References 164
  • 13: Consumer Decisions Involving Social Responsibility 165
  • Conclusion 177
  • References 179
  • 14: Image Compatibility and Framing 181
  • References 193
  • 15: Image Theory and Workplace Decisions: Challenges 197
  • References 208
  • Author Index 209
  • Subject Index 215
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