Speeches and Documents on the Indian Constitution, 1921-47 - Vol. 2

By A. Appadorai; Maurice L. Gwyer | Go to book overview
21. The Federal legislature shall he unicameral.
NOTE. If it is desired that the 'special interests' for whom representation in the Central Legislature had been specially provided in the Upper House (Council of State) under the Federal scheme embodied in the Government of India Act should also be given representation in the unicameral Legislature, then the number of seats in the re-constituted Federal Assembly might be increased to secure them adequate representation. If it is decided to provide additional seats for these 'special interests', then I would suggest that such additional seats should be distributed equally among the 7 zones, say, 14 for each unit or 98 in all. Of these 98 additional seats 60 should be reserved for representatives of British Indian units and 38 for the Indian States subject to the proviso that the distribution shall be so arranged as not to affect the representation of the Muslims and other Minorities in the Assembly as a whole as stipulated in paragraphs (4) and (5) supra.
Adequate and effective machinery shall be set up both at the Centre and in the Provinces to look after and protect the interests of the Minorities.
NOTE. One way of securing this would be to set up statutory committees consisting of representatives of the Minorities.
VI. SCHEME PUT FORWARD BY PROFESSOR SYED ZAFARUL HASAN AND DR MOHAMMAD AFZAL HUSAIN QADRI1
With a clear conception of the reality of our social and political problems and with unshakable faith and confidence in the future of Islam in India, we beg to offer in the following a scheme for the consideration of the Muslims of India and the rest of the world. But before coming to it we must state the principles on which it is based. We are convinced that we, the Muslims of India, must insist persistently and strenuously on them, namely,
1. That the Muslims of India are a nation by themselves . . . they have a distinct national entity wholly different from the Hindus and other non-Muslim groups; indeed they are more different from the Hindus than the Sudeten-Germans were from the Czechs;
2. That the Muslims of India have got a separate national future and their own contribution to make to the betterment of the world;
3. That the future of the Muslims of India lies in complete freedom from the domination of the Hindus, the British or for the matter of that, any other people;
4. That the Muslim majority Provinces cannot be permitted to be enslaved into a single all-India Federation with an over- whelming Hindu majority in the Centre; and
5. That the Muslims in the minority Provinces shall not be allowed to be deprived of their separate religious, cultural and political identity, and that they shall be given full and effective support by the Muslim majority Provinces.

Now, in order to save the Muslim nation in India we have to demand repartition of India on the only fundamental and valid principle of division, viz. nationality and to get India divided into Muslim India and

____________________
1
Syed Zafarul Hasan and Mohammad Afzal Husain Qadri, The Problem of Indian Muslims and Its Solution ( Aligarh Muslim University Press, 1939).

-462-

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