Approaches to Emotion

By Klaus R. Scherer; Paul Ekman | Go to book overview

II DEVELOPMENTAL APPROACHES

The scientific investigation of living systems often resorts to two major strategies of discovery: (1) the destruction or suppression of specific system structures to observe the resulting changes in function; and, (2) the detailed observation of the development of system structures and functions. As described in the preceding chapters on biological approaches, the first discovery strategy has been very successfully used in neurophysiology to investigate the role of various structures of the brain in the occurrence and regulation of emotion. This strategy is, of course, very difficult to apply to human subjects because of serious ethical constraints that rule out the use of experimental manipulation of any bodily structures and place very rigid limits on the use of drugs to produce temporary changes in function. The "experiments of nature" which can be found in a large number of pathologies and diseases that affect specific structures of the organism, provide interesting insights but are usually not well enough controlled to allow clear-cut conclusions.

Therefore, the use of the second discovery strategy, the observation of developmental processes, has increasingly become one of the most popular approaches to the study of many different aspects of human behavior. The study of both phylogenetic and the ontogenetic development is especially important for understanding of emotion. In recent

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Approaches to Emotion
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xi
  • Questions About Emotion: An Introduction 1
  • References 7
  • 1: BIOLOGICAL APPROACH 9
  • 1: Emotion: A Neurobehavioral Analysis 13
  • References 34
  • 2: Hemispheric Asymmetry and Emotion 39
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 54
  • 3: Contributions from Neuroendocrinology 59
  • References 70
  • II DEVELOPMENTAL APPROACHES 73
  • 5: The Organization of Emotional Development 109
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 127
  • References 127
  • 6: Emotions in Infancy: Regulators of Contact and Relationships with Persons 129
  • Acknowledgments 154
  • III PSYCHOLOGICAL AND ETHOLOGICAL APPROACHES 159
  • 7: Affect Theory 163
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 194
  • References 194
  • 8: Emotions: A General Psychoevolutionary Theory 197
  • References 218
  • 9: Cognition, Emotion and Motivation: The Doctoring of Humpty-Dumpty 221
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 234
  • 10: The Interaction of Affect and Cognition 239
  • 11: Thoughts on the Relations Between Emotion and Cognition 247
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 255
  • References 255
  • 12: On Primacy of Affect 259
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 268
  • 13: A Perceptual Motor Theory of Emotion of Emotion 271
  • References 289
  • 4: On the Nature and Function of Emotion: A Component Process Approach 293
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 315
  • References 316
  • 15: Expression and the Nature of Emotion 319
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 340
  • 16: Animal Communication: Affect or Cognition? 345
  • Acknowledgments 363
  • References 363
  • IV SOCIOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLIGICAL APPROACHES 367
  • 17: Power, Status, and Emotions: A Sociological Contribution to A Psychophysiological Domain 369
  • References 381
  • 18: The Role of Emotion in Social Structure 385
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 396
  • References 396
  • 19: The Emotions in Comparative Perspective 397
  • References 411
  • Author Index 413
  • Subject Index 423
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