Approaches to Emotion

By Klaus R. Scherer; Paul Ekman | Go to book overview

then interact with subsequent experience. Style of tension management, which is not wedded to drive reduction or fixed quantities of energy, may be a more viable construct than constructs which assume a single motive of keeping tension low and which emphasize amount of gratification of drives. Although research in the last three decades has called into question drive reduction and energy conservation concepts, the dynamic tension model proposed here is completely congruent with recent developmental literature. Affect and dynamic concepts will have a clear role in the continued evolution of personality development theory.


ACKNOWLEDGMENT

This paper is reprinted, with some expansion, from Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 1983. The preparation of this paper was supported in part by a program project grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55455.


REFERENCES

Ainsworth, M., Blehar, M., Waters, E., & Wall, S. Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1978.

Arend, R., Gove, F., & Sroufe, L. A. "Continuity of early adaptation: From attachment in infancy to ego-resiliency and curiosity at age 5". Child Development, 1979, 50, 950-959.

Block, J. H., & Block, J. "The role of ego-control and ego-resiliency in the organization of development". In W. A. Collins (Ed.), Minnesota symposia on child psychology (Vol. 13). Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1980.

Brazelton, T., Koslowski, B., & Main, M. "The origins of reciprocity: The early mother-infant interaction". In M. Lewis & L. Rosenblum (Eds.), The effect of the infant on its caregiver. New York: Wiley, 1974.

Cicchetti, D., & Sroufe, L. A. "An organizational view of affect: Illustration from the study of Down's syndrome infants". In M. Lewis & L. Rosenblum (Eds.), The development of affect. New York: Plenum, 1978.

Emde, R., Gaensbauer, T., & Harmon, R. "Emotional expression in infancy: A bio-behavioral study". Psychological Issues, 1976, 10 (1, Whole No. 37).

Erikson, E. Childhood and society, 2nd edition. New York: Norton & Co., 1963.

Kagan, J., Kearsley, R., & Zelazo, P. Infancy: Its place in human development, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1978.

Mahler, M., Pine, F., & Bergman, A. The psychological birth of the infant. New York: Basic Books, 1975.

Matas, L., Arend, R., & Sroufe, L. A. "Continuity of adaptation in the second year: The relationship between quality of attachment and later competent functioning". Child Development, 1978, 49, 547-556.

Meili, R. "Angstentstehung bei Kleinkindern". Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Psychologie und ihre Anwendungen, 1955, 14, 195-212.

Piaget, J., & Inhelder, B. The psychology of the child. New York: Basic Books, 1969.

Sander, L. "Issues in early mother-child interaction". Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 1962, 1, 141-166.

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Approaches to Emotion
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xi
  • Questions About Emotion: An Introduction 1
  • References 7
  • 1: BIOLOGICAL APPROACH 9
  • 1: Emotion: A Neurobehavioral Analysis 13
  • References 34
  • 2: Hemispheric Asymmetry and Emotion 39
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 54
  • 3: Contributions from Neuroendocrinology 59
  • References 70
  • II DEVELOPMENTAL APPROACHES 73
  • 5: The Organization of Emotional Development 109
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 127
  • References 127
  • 6: Emotions in Infancy: Regulators of Contact and Relationships with Persons 129
  • Acknowledgments 154
  • III PSYCHOLOGICAL AND ETHOLOGICAL APPROACHES 159
  • 7: Affect Theory 163
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 194
  • References 194
  • 8: Emotions: A General Psychoevolutionary Theory 197
  • References 218
  • 9: Cognition, Emotion and Motivation: The Doctoring of Humpty-Dumpty 221
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 234
  • 10: The Interaction of Affect and Cognition 239
  • 11: Thoughts on the Relations Between Emotion and Cognition 247
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 255
  • References 255
  • 12: On Primacy of Affect 259
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 268
  • 13: A Perceptual Motor Theory of Emotion of Emotion 271
  • References 289
  • 4: On the Nature and Function of Emotion: A Component Process Approach 293
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 315
  • References 316
  • 15: Expression and the Nature of Emotion 319
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 340
  • 16: Animal Communication: Affect or Cognition? 345
  • Acknowledgments 363
  • References 363
  • IV SOCIOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLIGICAL APPROACHES 367
  • 17: Power, Status, and Emotions: A Sociological Contribution to A Psychophysiological Domain 369
  • References 381
  • 18: The Role of Emotion in Social Structure 385
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 396
  • References 396
  • 19: The Emotions in Comparative Perspective 397
  • References 411
  • Author Index 413
  • Subject Index 423
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