Approaches to Emotion

By Klaus R. Scherer; Paul Ekman | Go to book overview

ing the categories of pure reason upon the outside thing-in-itself, whose ultimate nature necessarily forever escaped us. I am suggesting that he neglected a major filtering mechanism, the innate affects, which necessarily color our every experience by producing a unique set of categorical imperatives, which amplify not only what precedes and activates each affect but also the further responses that are prompted by affect.


ACKNOWLEDGMENT

This chapter is a shortened version of a contribution to Emotion in the Human Face, edited by Paul Ekman and published by Cambridge University Press, 1982, pp. 353-395. Reprinted by permission.


REFERENCES

Alexander, F., and Portis, S. "A psychosomatic study of hypoglycaemic fatigue". Psychosomatic Medicine. 1944, 6, 195-205.

Arnold, M. B. Emotion and personality. New York; Columbia University Press, 1960.

Beach, F. A. Hormones and behavior. New York: P. B. Hoeber, 1948.

Ekman, P., Sorenson, E. R., & Friesen, W. V. "Pan-cultural elements in facial displays of emotions". Science, 1969, 164(3875), 86-88.

Frankenhaeuser, M. "Psychoendocrine approaches to the study of emotion". In H. Howe (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 1978, (Vol. 26). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1979.

French, T. M., & Alexander, F. "Psychogenic factors in bronchial asthma". Psychosomatic Medicine, 1941, Monograph No. 2.

Izard, C. E. "The emotions and emotion constructs in personality and culture research". In R. B. Cattell (Ed.), Handbook of modern personality theory. Chicago: Aldine, 1969.

Landis, C., & Hunt, W. A. The startle pattern. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1939.

Levy, D. M. "The infant's earliest memory of innoculation: A contribution to public health procedures". Journal of General Psychology, 1960, 96, 3-46.

Lomax, A. Folk song style & sulture. Washington, D.C.: American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1968.

Sprague, J. M., Chambers, W. W., & Stellar, E. "Attentive, affective, and adaptive behavior in the car". Science, 1961, 133, 165-173.

Tomkins, S. S. "A theory of memory". In J. Antrobus (Ed.), Cognition and affect. Boston: Little, Brown, 1971.

Tomkins, S. S. "The Phantasy behind the face". Journal of Personality Assessment. 1975, 39. 551-562.

Tomkins, S. S. "Script theory: Differential magnification of affects". In H. E. Howe & R. A. Dienstbier (Eds.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 1978, (Vol. 26). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1979.

Tomkins, S. S. "The role of facial response in the experience of emotion: A reply to Tourangeau and Ellsworth". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1981, 40(2). 355-359.

Tomkins, S. S. Affect, Imagery and Conciousness (Vol. 3. Cognition and Affect). New York: Springer, 1982.

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Approaches to Emotion
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xi
  • Questions About Emotion: An Introduction 1
  • References 7
  • 1: BIOLOGICAL APPROACH 9
  • 1: Emotion: A Neurobehavioral Analysis 13
  • References 34
  • 2: Hemispheric Asymmetry and Emotion 39
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 54
  • 3: Contributions from Neuroendocrinology 59
  • References 70
  • II DEVELOPMENTAL APPROACHES 73
  • 5: The Organization of Emotional Development 109
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 127
  • References 127
  • 6: Emotions in Infancy: Regulators of Contact and Relationships with Persons 129
  • Acknowledgments 154
  • III PSYCHOLOGICAL AND ETHOLOGICAL APPROACHES 159
  • 7: Affect Theory 163
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 194
  • References 194
  • 8: Emotions: A General Psychoevolutionary Theory 197
  • References 218
  • 9: Cognition, Emotion and Motivation: The Doctoring of Humpty-Dumpty 221
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 234
  • 10: The Interaction of Affect and Cognition 239
  • 11: Thoughts on the Relations Between Emotion and Cognition 247
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 255
  • References 255
  • 12: On Primacy of Affect 259
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 268
  • 13: A Perceptual Motor Theory of Emotion of Emotion 271
  • References 289
  • 4: On the Nature and Function of Emotion: A Component Process Approach 293
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 315
  • References 316
  • 15: Expression and the Nature of Emotion 319
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 340
  • 16: Animal Communication: Affect or Cognition? 345
  • Acknowledgments 363
  • References 363
  • IV SOCIOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLIGICAL APPROACHES 367
  • 17: Power, Status, and Emotions: A Sociological Contribution to A Psychophysiological Domain 369
  • References 381
  • 18: The Role of Emotion in Social Structure 385
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 396
  • References 396
  • 19: The Emotions in Comparative Perspective 397
  • References 411
  • Author Index 413
  • Subject Index 423
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