Approaches to Emotion

By Klaus R. Scherer; Paul Ekman | Go to book overview

The theory that I have proposed does not answer all questions about emotions, but it does begin to demonstrate connections between apparently diverse areas of investigation and it suggests questions with which future research should be concerned. It provides a framework for examining or re-examining many problems in the field--for example: the ontogenesis of emotions, the relations between emotions and personality, the nature of emotion terms in natural languages, the influence of learning on the expression, inhibition, and mixing of emotions, the genetics of emotion, etc. The theory remains an evolving conception, subject to new data and insights.


REFERENCES

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Breland, K., & Breland, M. Animal behavior, New York: Macmillan, 1966.

Buirski. P., Kellerman, H., Plutchik, R., Weininger, R., & Buirski, N. "A field study of emotions, dominance and social behavior in a group of baboons (Papio anubis)". Primates, 1973, 14, 67-78.

Buirski, P., Plutchik, R., & Kellerman, H. "Sex differences, dominance and personality in the chimpanzee". Animal Behavior, 1978, 26, 123-129.

Cannon, W. B. Bodily changes in pain, hunger, fear and rage. New York: Appleton, 1929.

Cattell, R. B. The description and measurement of personality. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1946.

Conte, H. R., & Plutchik, R. "A circumplex model for interpersonal personality traits". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1981, 40, 701-711.

Darwin, C. The expression of the emotions in man and animals. London: Murray, 1872. Reprinted by University of Chicago Press, 1965.

Davitz, J. R. The language of emotions. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1969.

Dember, W. N. "Motivation and the cognitive revolution". American Psychologist, 1974, 29, 161-168.

Freud, S. Studies in hysteria. Leipzig: Deuticke, 1895. (First English translation by A. A. Brill.) Nervous and Mental Disease Publications, 1936.

Izard, C. E. The face of emotion. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1971.

James, W. "What is emotion". Mind, 1884, 19, 188-205.

Marsella, A. J. Cross-cultural studies of depression: A review of the literature. Paper presented at the Symposium on Cross-Cultural Aspects of Depression, International Association of Cross- Cultural Psychology, Tilburg, Netherlands, 1976.

Neisser, U. "The imitation of man by machine". Science, 1963, 139, 193-197.

Nowlis, V. "Research with the mood adjective checklist". In S. S. Tomkins & C. E. Izard (Eds.), Affect, cognition, personality. New York: Springer, 1965.

Plutchik, R. The emotions: Facts, theories and a new model. New York: Random House, 1962.

Plutchik, R. "Cognitions in the service of emotions". In D. K. Candland, J. P. Fell, E. Keen, A. I. Leshner , R. Plutchik, & R. M. Tarpy (Eds.), Emotion. Monterey, California: Brooks/Cole, 1977.

Plutchik, R. Emotion: A psychoevolutionary synthesis. New York: Harper and Row, 1980. (a)

Plutchik, R. "Measurement implications of a psychoevolutionary theory of emotions". In K. R. Blankstein , P. Pliner, & J. Polivy (Eds.), Assessment and modification of emotional behavior. New York: Plenum, 1980. (b)

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Approaches to Emotion
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xi
  • Questions About Emotion: An Introduction 1
  • References 7
  • 1: BIOLOGICAL APPROACH 9
  • 1: Emotion: A Neurobehavioral Analysis 13
  • References 34
  • 2: Hemispheric Asymmetry and Emotion 39
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 54
  • 3: Contributions from Neuroendocrinology 59
  • References 70
  • II DEVELOPMENTAL APPROACHES 73
  • 5: The Organization of Emotional Development 109
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 127
  • References 127
  • 6: Emotions in Infancy: Regulators of Contact and Relationships with Persons 129
  • Acknowledgments 154
  • III PSYCHOLOGICAL AND ETHOLOGICAL APPROACHES 159
  • 7: Affect Theory 163
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 194
  • References 194
  • 8: Emotions: A General Psychoevolutionary Theory 197
  • References 218
  • 9: Cognition, Emotion and Motivation: The Doctoring of Humpty-Dumpty 221
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 234
  • 10: The Interaction of Affect and Cognition 239
  • 11: Thoughts on the Relations Between Emotion and Cognition 247
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 255
  • References 255
  • 12: On Primacy of Affect 259
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 268
  • 13: A Perceptual Motor Theory of Emotion of Emotion 271
  • References 289
  • 4: On the Nature and Function of Emotion: A Component Process Approach 293
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 315
  • References 316
  • 15: Expression and the Nature of Emotion 319
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 340
  • 16: Animal Communication: Affect or Cognition? 345
  • Acknowledgments 363
  • References 363
  • IV SOCIOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLIGICAL APPROACHES 367
  • 17: Power, Status, and Emotions: A Sociological Contribution to A Psychophysiological Domain 369
  • References 381
  • 18: The Role of Emotion in Social Structure 385
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 396
  • References 396
  • 19: The Emotions in Comparative Perspective 397
  • References 411
  • Author Index 413
  • Subject Index 423
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